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                On this date, February 24, 1953, Generalfeldmarschall Gerd von Rundstedt died at home of heart failure. I will post information about one of Adolf Hitler’s Generals from Wikipedia and other links.

    12 December 1875
    Aschersleben, German Empire
    24 February 1953 (aged 77)
    Hanover, West Germany
    •  German Empire (to 1918)
    • Weimar Republic (1918–33)
    • Nazi Germany (1933–45)
    Years of service
    1892–1938, 1939–45
    World War I
    World War II
    Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords

    Karl Rudolf Gerd von Rundstedt (12 December 1875 – 24 February 1953) was a German Field Marshal (Generalfeldmarschall) during World War II.

    Born into a Prussian family with a long military tradition, Rundstedt entered the Imperial German Army in 1892 and rose through the ranks until World War I, in which he served mainly as a staff officer. In the inter-war years, he continued his military career, reaching the rank of Colonel General (Generaloberst) before retiring in 1938.

    He was recalled at the beginning of World War II as Commander of Army Group South in the Polish campaign. He commanded Army Group A during the German invasion of France, and was promoted to the rank of Field Marshal during the 1940 Field Marshal Ceremony. In the Russian Campaign, he commanded Army Group South, responsible for the largest encirclement in history, the Battle of Kiev. He was dismissed by Adolf Hitler in December 1941, following the German retreat from Rostov, but was recalled in 1942 and appointed Commander in Chief in the West.

    He was dismissed again after the German defeat in Normandy in July 1944, but was again recalled as Commander in Chief in the West in September, holding this post until his final dismissal by Hitler in March 1945. Rundstedt was aware of the various plots to depose Hitler, but refused to support them. After the war, he was charged with war crimes, but did not face trial due to his age and poor health. He was released in 1949, and died in Hanover in 1953.


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                On this date, February 26, 1943, one of Hitler’s most evil henchmen, Theodor Eicke was killed in action. I will post information about this SS-Obergruppenführer from Wikipedia and other links.

    Eicke as a SS-Obergruppenführer with Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross

    17 October 1892
    Hudingen (Hampont), Alsace-Lorraine, German Empire
    26 February 1943 (aged 50)
    near Kharkov, Ukraine, Soviet Union (present-day Kharkov, Ukraine)
    • German Empire (to 1918)
    • Weimar Republic (to 1933)
    • Nazi Germany
    Years of service
    SS-Obergruppenführer and General der Waffen-SS
    Service number
    NSDAP #114,901
    SS #2,921
    Commands held
    3rd. SS-Division Totenkopf
    World War I
    World War II
    Ritterkreuz des Eisernes Kreuz mit Eichenlaub
    Bertha Schwebel (m. 1914)

    Theodor Eicke (17 October 1892 – 26 February 1943) was an SS-Obergruppenführer (German General), commander of the SS-Division (mot) Totenkopf of the Waffen-SS and one of the key figures in the establishment of concentration camps in Nazi Germany. His Nazi Party number was 114,901 and his SS number was 2,921. Together with SS-ObersturmbannführerMichael Lippert, Eicke executed SA Chief Ernst Röhm following the Night of the Long Knives purge.

    Theodor Eicke

    Early Life — World War I

    Eicke, the son of a station master, was born in Hudingen (Hampont), near Château-Salins (then in the German province of Elsass-Lothringen) into a lower-middle-class family. The youngest of 11 children, he did not do well in school and dropped out at the age of 17 before graduation. He joined the 23rd BavarianInfantry Regiment as a volunteer; later on, in World War I, he took the office of paymaster for the 3rd — and, from 1916 on, the 22nd Bavarian Infantry Regiment. He won the Iron Cross, Second Class in 1914 for bravery.

    Eicke resigned from his position of army paymaster in 1919. He began studying in his wife's hometown of Ilmenau. However, he dropped out of school again in 1920 intending to pursue a police career. He initially worked as an informer and later as a regular policeman. His career in the police came to an end because of his fervent hatred for the Weimar Republic and his repeated participation in violent political demonstrations. He finally managed to find work in 1923 at IG Farben.

    Nazi activist

    Eicke's views on the Weimar Republic mirrored those of the Nazi Party, which he joined, along with Ernst Röhm's SA on 1 December 1928. He left the SA in August 1930 for the SS, where he quickly rose in rank after recruiting new members and building up the SS organization in the Bavarian palatinate. In 1931, Eicke was promoted to the rank of SS-Standartenführer (colonel) by Reichsführer-SSHeinrich Himmler.

    His political activities caught the attention of his employer and in early 1932 he was laid off by IG Farben. At the same time, he was caught preparing bomb attacks on political enemies in Bavaria for which he received a two-year prison sentence in July 1932. However, due to protection received from Franz Gürtner, who would later serve as minister of justice under Adolf Hitler, he was able to flee to Italy on orders from Heinrich Himmler.

    Insignia of the 3rd SS Panzer Division Totenkopf

    Rise in the SS

    In March 1933, less than three months after Hitler's rise to power, Eicke returned to Germany. Eicke had political quarrels with GauleiterJoseph Bürckel, who had him arrested and detained for several months in a mental asylum. Also during the same month, Himmler set up the first official concentration camp at Dachau. Hitler had stated that he did not want it to be just another prison or detention camp. In June 1933, Himmler obtained the release of Eicke from the asylum and promoted him to an SS-Oberführer. On 26 June 1933, Himmler appointed him commandant of Dachau after complaints and criminal proceedings against former commandant SS-SturmbannführerHilmar Wäckerle following the murder of several detainees under the "guise of punishment". Eicke requested a permanent unit and Himmler granted the request; the SS-Wachverbände(Guard Unit) was formed.

    Promoted on 30 January 1934 to SS-Brigadeführer (equivalent to Major-general in the Waffen-SS), Eicke as commander of Dachau reorganized the camp. Eicke devised a system that was used as a model for future camps throughout Germany. He established new guarding provisions, which included rigid discipline, total obedience to orders, and tightening disciplinary and punishment regulations for detainees. Uniforms were issued for prisoners and guards alike; the guards' uniforms had a special death's head insignia on their collar. Eicke detested weakness and instructed his men that any SS man with a soft heart should "...retire at once to a monastery". Eicke's anti-semitism and anti-bolshevism as well as his insistence on unconditional obedience towards him, the SS and Hitler made an impression on Himmler. In May 1934, Eicke claimed the title of Concentration Camps Inspector for himself.

    In early 1934, Hitler and other Nazi leaders became concerned that Ernst Röhm, chief of the SA, was planning a coup d'état. Hitler decided on 21 June that Röhm and the SA leadership had to be eliminated. The purge of the SA leadership and other enemies of the state began on 30 June in an action which became known as the Night of the Long Knives. Eicke along with hand-chosen members of the Dachau concentration camp guards assisted Sepp Dietrich's Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler to arrest and imprison SA commanders. After Röhm was arrested, Hitler gave him the choice to commit suicide or be shot. When Röhm refused to kill himself, he was shot dead by Eicke (together with his adjutant, Michael Lippert) on 1 July 1934. Shortly thereafter, Himmler officially named Eicke chief of the Inspektion der Konzentrationslager (Concentration Camps Inspectorate or CCI) and promoted him to the rank of SS-Gruppenführer in command of the SS-Wachverbände. As a result of the Night of the Long Knives, the remaining SA-run camps were taken over by the SS.

    In his role as the Concentration Camps Inspector, Eicke began a large reorganisation of the camps in 1935. The smaller camps were dismantled. Dachau concentration camp remained, then Sachsenhausen concentration camp opened in summer 1936, Buchenwald in summer 1937 and Ravensbrück (near Lichtenburg) in May 1939. There were other new camps in Austria, such as Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp, opened in 1938. All SS camps' regulations, both for guards and prisoners, followed the Dachau camp model.

    Further, in 1935, Dachau became the training center for the concentration camps service. On 29 March 1936, the concentration camp guards and administration units were officially designated as the SS-Totenkopfverbände (SS-TV). Eicke's reorganizations and the introduction of forced labour made the camps one of the SS's most powerful tools; this earned him the enmity of Reinhard Heydrich, who had already unsuccessfully attempted to take control of the Dachau concentration camp in his position as chief of the SD. Eicke prevailed with support from Himmler.

    Totenkopf Division

    At the beginning of World War II, the success of the Totenkopf's sister formations the SS-Infanterie-Regiment (mot) Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler and the three Standarten of the SS-Verfügungstruppe led to Hitler approving Himmler's recommendation for the creation of three Waffen-SSdivisions in October 1939.

    SS-Division Totenkopf was formed from concentration camp guards of the 1st (Oberbayern), 2nd (Brandenburg) and 3rd (Thüringen) Standarten (regiments) of the SS-Totenkopfverbände,and soldiers from the SS-Heimwehr Danzig. Eicke was given command of the division.

    After Eicke was reassigned to combat duty, Richard Glückshis deputy, was appointed the new CCI chief by Himmler. Later in early 1942, the CCI became Amt D (Office D) of the SS-Wirtschafts-Verwaltungshauptamt(SS Main Economic and Administrative Department or SS-WVHA). Richard Glücks was appointed the head of Amt D and answered to Oswald Pohlthe chief of the SS-WVHA. Pohl assured Eicke that the command structure he had introduced would not fall to the jurisdiction of the Gestapoand SD. The CCI and later Amt D were subordinate to the SD and Gestapo only in regards to who was admitted to the camps and who was released. However, what happened inside the camps was under the command of Amt D.

    The TotenkopfDivision went on to become one of the most effective German fighting formations on the Eastern Front, often serving as "Hitler's firemen", rushed to the scene of Soviet breakthroughs. During the course of the war, Eicke and his division became known for brutality and several war crimes, including the murder of 97 British POWs in Le Paradis in 1940, the murder of captured Soviet soldiers and the plundering and pillaging of several Soviet villages. The Totenkopf continued to show ferocity, during the advance in 1941 as well as the summer offensive in 1942, the conquest of Kharkov, the defense of the Demyansk Pocket, the defense of Warsaw, and Budapest in 1945.

    Theodor Eicke and SS Division Totenkopf on the Eastern Front in 1941.


    Eicke was killed on 26 February 1943, several months after being promoted to SS-Obergruppenführer(equivalent to general in the Waffen-SS). While performing a battlefield reconnaissance during the opening stages of the Third Battle of Kharkov, his Fieseler Fi 156 Storch aircraft was shot down by Soviet troops 1 kilometre southwest of Artelnoje(near Lozovaya). An assault group from the division recovered the bodies of Eicke, the pilot and SS-HauptsturmführerFriedrich from enemy territory.

    Eicke was portrayed in the Axis press as a hero, and soon after his death one of the Totenkopf'sinfantry regiments received the cuff-titleTheodor Eicke. Eicke was originally buried at a German military cemetery near Orelka, Russia. Later, Himmler ordered Eicke's remains disinterred and reburied at the HegewaldGerman military cemetery in Zhitomir. In 1944, the Germans were pushed back and forced to retreat yet again. Eicke's corpse was left where it had been re-buried.

    Personal life

    Eicke married Bertha Schwebel on 26 December 1914. They had two children, Irma (born 5 April 1916) and Hermann (born 4 May 1920, killed in action as Leutnant of the Heer on 2 December 1941).

    Summary of his military career

    Dates of rank
    Notable decorations

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  • 02/27/15--20:35: THE GOLD BAR MURDERS

  •                40 years go on this date, February 28, 1975, 7 of the 9 killers in the Gold Bar murders of December 29, 1971 were executed by hanging in Changi Prison, Singapore.

    Gold Bar Murders

    In December 1972, a group of 10 men killed businessman Ngo Cheng Poh and his employees, Leong Chin Woo and Ang Boon Chai, and robbed them of 120 gold bars. Known as the "Gold Bar Murders", it is one of Singapore's more prominent criminal cases. The men responsible were Andrew Chou Hock Guan, his brother David Chou Hock Heng, Augustine Ang, Peter Lim Swee Guan, Alex Yau Hean Thye, Richard James, Stephen Francis, Konesekaran Nagalingam, Ringo Lee Chiew Chwee and Stephen Lee Hock Khoon. Of the group, Augustine Ang was detained indefinitely without trial, and Ringo Lee and Stephen Lee were detained at the president's pleasure as they were under the age of 18. The remaining seven men were hanged on 28 February 1975.


    Andrew Chou worked as a ground operations supervisor with Air Vietnam in Singapore. His job enabled him to pass through airport security with ease, and allowed him to establish connections with Air Vietnam staff and aircrew. He became involved in smuggling gold for three syndicates in Singapore: Kee Guan Import-Export Co., Eastern Watch Co. and Lee Tong Heng Import and Export. The gold was brought to Chou’s house, No. 19 Chepstow Close, Serangoon Gardens, to be taken to the airport for loading. In return, he would receive US$5 from the crew members and US$10 from the local consignee for each gold bar.

    However, in October 1971, a sum of US$235,000 that had arrived on an Air Vietnam flight went missing. The money was meant to be payment for the gold to the three syndicates and they pressured Chou to find the missing money. Chou suspected that some of the aircrew had stolen the money and was able to recover most of it, but relations with the syndicates were strained after this incident. The syndicates no longer trusted him and no longer sent as many gold consignments for export. Eastern Watch Co. stopped exporting gold through Chou, Lee Tong Heng Import and Export sent only one consignment, while Kee Guan Import-Export Co. continued to work with Chou but sent smaller consignments.

    Description of events
    With his income from gold smuggling considerably reduced, Chou plotted with his brother, Peter Lim and Augustine Ang to rob and kill whoever sent the next consignment of gold for export. Lim and Ang were tasked with recruiting some extra help, offering S$20,000 each for the job.

    On 29 December 1971, Chou received a call from Ngo Cheng Poh, his contact from Kee Guan Import-Export Co. informing him of the next consignment delivery, in which 120 gold bars (worth S$500,000) were to be delivered to Chou’s house later that night. Chou notified Augustine Ang and all the recruits gathered at Chou’s house. At about midnight, Ngo arrived together with his two employees, Leong Chin Woo and Ang Boon Chai. The Chou brothers greeted Ngo and Leong while Ngo’s other employee, Ang, waited in the car. Augustine Ang was called out to help count the gold, while the others hid in Chou's kitchen. As Ngo and Leong watched Ang count the gold, the brothers attacked them from behind, and the other accomplices hiding in the kitchen came out to help. After Ngo and Leong had been killed, Chou dealt with Ngo's other employee similarly.

    The dead bodies were put into Leong’s car and dumped in thick sludge beside a disused mining pond in Jalan Lembah Bedok. Ngo’s car was disposed of by the other accomplices. The Chou brothers and Ang brought the gold to Catherine Ang (unrelated), a contact who was to arrange for the gold to be sold. Chou called Ngo’s wife, claiming that Ngo and his employees had not delivered the gold.

    On 30 December, the police discovered the bodies at Jalan Tiga Ratus following an anonymous tip. Police retrieved 115 gold bars from the home of Catherine Ang, while another five gold bars were found in David Chou’s office at Bayer Singapore Pte. Ltd.

    Trial proceedings
    Nine of the 10 men were brought to trial: the Chou brothers, Lim, Yau, Ringo Lee, James, Francis, Nagalingam, Stephen Lee. All nine pleaded not guilty to three joint charges of causing the death of Ngo, Leong and Ang.

    Augustine Ang confessed to being an accomplice and participant in the murder of the three men. He became the key prosecution witness in order to save his own life. The murder charges against him were thus withdrawn and he was discharged. However, the discharge did not amount to an acquittal.  Ang was arrested and detained under the Criminal Law (Temporary Provisions) Act, which allows the government to detain dangerous criminals without trial for an indefinite period.

    In December 1972, Solicitor-General A. W. Ghows made his final submission to Justice Chua and Justice Choor Singh that all nine accused should be found guilty as charged. The accused tried to appeal against the verdict twice, first to the Appeal Court that all nine accused did not have the common objective of killing the victims. The next appeal was made to the Privy Council. Both appeals were unsuccessful. As a last resort, they appealed to President Benjamin Sheares for clemency, but in February 1975, it was reported that the president had rejected their petitions.

    Ringo Lee Chiew Chwee and Stephen Lee Hock Khoon escaped the death penalty because they were both under 18 at the time of the murders. They were ordered to be detained at the president’s pleasure. The other seven men, having been found guilty and unsuccessful in their appeals and clemency petitions, were hanged in Changi Prison on 28 February 1975.

    Cherylyn Tok

    A graveyard meeting with bomohs – and a heinous plot to kill three friends.(1978, April 2). The Straits Times, p. 15. Retrieved January 5, 2011, from NewspaperSG.

    All 7 lose their last hope: Gold bar murders. (1975, February 25). The Straits Times, p. 1. Retrieved January 3, 2011, from NewspaperSG.

    Another man charged with gold bar murders. (1972, February 9). The Straits Times, p. 6. Retrieved January 3, 2011, from NewspaperSG.

    Cheang, C. and Muthu, S.M. (1972, May 9). "I thought he had been waylaid”. The Straits Times, p. 4. Retrieved January 5, 2011, from NewspaperSG.

    Court told of $20,000 offer to kill 3.
    (1972, May 4). The Straits Times, p. 1. Retrieved January 5, 2011, from NewspaperSG.

    Davidson, B. (1972, November 22). Robbery idea was Ang’s says Andrew.The Straits Times, p. 11. Retrieved January 3, 2011, from NewspaperSG.

    Hwang T. F. and Davidson, B. (1972, October 10). Gold bars triple murder trial opens – 9 in dock.The Straits Times, p. 8. Retrieved January 3, 2011, from NewspaperSG.

    'I wasn't given pardon to be a witness'. (1972, November 3).  The Straits Times, p.6. Retrieved November 30, 2012, from NewspaperSG.

    Josey, A. (1981). The tenth man: Gold bar murders.Singapore: Times Books International.
    (Call no.: RSING 364.1523095957 JOS)

    QC to argue gold bars murder appeal. (1973, November 10). The Straits Times, p. 6. Retrieved January 3, 2011, from NewspaperSG.

    Further readings
    All of the bullion is mine: Claimant. (1974, December 10). The Straits Times, p. 19. Retrieved January 3, 2011, from NewspaperSG.

    Court allows HK man to make joint bullion claim. (1974, December 13). The Straits Times, p. 14. Retrieved January 3, 2011, from NewspaperSG.

    Davidson, B. (1974, November 6). The illegal $40,000 gold deal.The Straits Times, p. 8. Retrieved January 3, 2011, from NewspaperSG.

    Gold bar killings: Two more petitions. (1975, January 29). The Straits Times, p. 9. Retrieved January 3, 2011, from NewspaperSG.

    Josey, A. (2009). Bloodlust. Singapore: Marshall Cavendish Editions.
    (Call no.: RSING 345.595702523 JOS)

    Josey, A. (2009). Cold-blooded murders.Singapore: Marshall Cavendish Editions.
    (Call no.: RSING 345.595702523 JOS)

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    Ten years ago on this date, March 1, 2005, the United States Supreme Court held that it is unconstitutional to impose capital punishment for crimes committed while under the age of 18. Please go to this previous blog postto learn more.

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    On this date, March 2, 2010, Michael Adam Sigala was executed by lethal injection in Texas for the murders of a Brazilian couple, Kleber and Lillian Dos Santos on August 22, 2000. I will post information about him from

    Michael Adam Sigala

    Kleber Pescone dos Santos, 28, and his wife, Lillian D'Ascanio Carla dos Santos, 25 were both shot dead in Texas.
    Summary: Sigala unlawfully entered the Plano apartment of Kleber and Lilian Dos Santos and shot Kleber in the head. He then tortured Lilian and then shot her twice in the head after apparently forcing her to remove her clothes and binding her hands and neck with telephone cords. After the murders, Sigala ransacked the apartment and took the Santos’ wedding rings and several other items. Police arrested Sigala two months later after several of the stolen items were recovered from various shops and traced back to him. Sigala confessed to killing Kleber, ejaculating as Lilian lay on the bed, and stealing the couple’s rings. Testing of the semen discovered on the floor next to the bed revealed an “exact” DNA match to Sigala. On the date of the murder, Sigala was on probation for robbery and allowed to leave a Dallas-area substance abuse treatment center for the day to look for a job. 

    Sigala v. State, 2004 WL 231326 (Tex.Cr.App. 2004). (Direct Appeal)
    Sigala v. Quarterman, 338 Fed.Appx. 388 (5th Cir. 2009). (Habeas) 

    Final Words:
    "I would like to ask for forgiveness of the family. I have no reason for why I did it. I don't understand why I did it. I hope that you can live the rest of your lives without hate." 

    Internet Sources:
    Texas Department of Criminal Justice - Executed Offenders (Sigala)
    Sigala, Michael Adam
    Date of Birth: 12/11/1977
    DR#: 999397
    Date Received: 10/29/2001
    Education: 10 years
    Occupation: Laborer
    Date of Offense: 08/22/2000
    County of Offense: Collin
    Native County: Tarrant
    Race: Hispanic
    Gender: Male
    Hair Color: Brown
    Eye Color: Hazel
    Height: 5' 5"
    Weight: 213 

    Prior Prison Record:None 

    Summary of incident: On 8/22/2000 in Plano, Sigala shot and killed a 27 year old Hispanic male, then sexually assaulted his 25 year old Hispanic female wife before he shot and killed her. Sigala took several items of jewelry from the home of the victims and later pawned the stolen items. 

    Texas Attorney General 

    Tuesday, February 23, 2010 
    Media Advisory: Michael Sigala scheduled for execution 

    AUSTIN –Texas Attorney General Greg Abbott offers the following information concerning Michael Adam Sigala, who is scheduled to be executed after 6 p.m. on Tuesday, March 2, 2010. A Texas jury sentenced Sigala to death in 2001 for the murder of Kleber Dos Santos. 


    On August 22, 2000, Sigala unlawfully entered the Plano apartment of Kleber and Lilian Dos Santos and shot Kleber in the head. He then tortured Lilian and then shot her twice in the head after apparently forcing her to remove her clothes and binding her hands and neck with telephone cords. After the murders, Sigala ransacked the apartment and took the Santos’ wedding rings and several other items. 

    Police arrested Sigala two months later after several of the stolen items were recovered from various shops and traced back to him. Sigala confessed to killing Kleber, ejaculating as Lilian lay on the bed, and stealing the couple’s rings. Testing of the semen discovered on the floor next to the bed revealed an “exact” DNA match to Sigala. 


    During the penalty phase of Sigala’s trial, the State presented evidence of Sigala’s lengthy criminal history, which included juvenile delinquency, three convictions for theft, a misdemeanor conviction for marijuana possession, an arrest for burglary after a home invasion, and a conviction for robbery. Over three to four years, Sigala stole videos from retail stores and sold them for drugs and visits to topless bars. 

    Sigala believed that women wanted sadomasochistic sex. He told his mother that he was a sociopath; he found it funny when others were in pain; and he had no remorse for killing Kleber. According to an FBI agent, Sigala was “a member of a unique, particularly vicious subclass of offenders that are dangerous, but also represent a continuing threat to the community.” The FBI agent observed that Sigala had rehearsed the crime, was comfortable at the crime scene, and enjoyed a sense of accomplishment afterwards. 

    A psychiatrist testified for the state that Sigala suffered from antisocial personality disorder, which indicated that he would commit violent acts in the future. 

    08/22/00 - Sigala killed Kleber and Lilian Dos Santos.
    10/08/01 - A Collin County jury convicted Sigala of capital murder.
    10/15/01 - A Collin County state district court officially sentenced Sigala to death.
    09/19/03 - Sigala filed an original application for a state writ of habeas corpus.
    01/14/04 - The Texas Court of Criminal Appeals affirmed Sigala’s conviction and sentence.
    06/14/04 - The U.S. Supreme Court denied Sigala’s petition for a writ of certiorari.
    08/31/05 - The Texas Court of Criminal Appeals denied state habeas relief.
    08/25/06 - Sigala filed a petition for a federal writ of habeas corpus.
    03/28/08 - A U.S. district court denied habeas relief and issued final judgment.
    07/20/09 - Fifth Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals affirmed the denial of habeas relief.
    09/15/09 - The trial court scheduled Sigala’s execution for Tuesday, March 2, 2010.
    11/05/09 - Sigala filed a petition for certiorari review with the U.S. Supreme Court.
    02/22/10 -Sigala’s petition for certiorari review was denied by the Supreme Court. 

    Memorial Service for Kleber and Lilian Dos Santos

    Texas Execution Information Center by David Carson.
    Michael Adam Sigala, 32, was executed by lethal injection on 2 March 2010 in Huntsville, Texas for robbing and murdering a couple in their home. 

    On 22 August 2000, Sigala, then 22, unlawfully entered the Plano apartment of Kleber and Lilian Dos Santos. He killed Kleber, 27, with a single gunshot to the head. He then forced Lilian, 25, to remove her clothing and wash herself. Next, he bound her hands and neck with telephone cords and made her lay on the bed. He whipped her buttocks with a belt or rod, cut the inside of her thigh, and dripped hot candle wax onto her genitals. While Sigala tortured Lilian, he masturbated. He then shot her in the face and again in the side of her head, killing her. 

    After the murders, Sigala lingered at the apartment. He attempted to wipe his fingerprints off of everything he touched, and he cleaned the carpet where he had ejaculated. He also helped himself to a drink and watched television. He went through the apartment, collecting the couple's wedding rings and some other items. Finally, he left. The bodies were found by a neighbor after Kleber failed to report to work. 

    Sigala was arrested two months later after several of the stolen items were recovered from various pawn shops and traced back to him. At the time of his arrest, he confessed to killing Kleber, ejaculating while Lilian lay on the bed, and stealing the couple's rings. He blamed Lilian's torture and killing on another perpetrator. 

    Testing of the semen on the floor next to the bed showed an exact match to Sigala. A firearms expert testified that all of the bullets recovered from the scene were fired from the same weapon. No evidence was found connecting another perpetrator to the scene.
    Sigala later told police that he and his accomplice were at the apartment to sell Kleber Dos Santos some heroin. He said that he shot Kleber in self-defense after Kleber began attacking his accomplice with a baseball bat. Authorities found no evidence that the Dos Santoses used drugs, nor of a second attacker. They were unable to make any connection between Sigala and his victims. They were apparently targeted at random. 

    Adam Quanah Lay, 21, was arrested for helping sell the stolen items, but he was not charged in the killings. Lay, who was on probation for a previous aggravated robbery conviction, received 35 years in prison for violating his parole. He remains in custody as of this writing. 

    Sigala had no prior prison record, but he had several previous arrests and convictions for theft, robbery, and drug possession. At the time of the murders, he was on probation for robbery. He had been allowed to leave a Dallas-area drug abuse treatment center for the day to look for a job when he killed the Brazilian immigrant couple. 

    In October 2001, a jury convicted Sigala of murdering Kleber Dos Santos during a home invasion, and sentenced him to death. The Texas Court of Criminal Appeals affirmed the conviction and sentence in January 2004. All of his subsequent appeals in state and federal court were denied. 

    "I would like to ask for forgiveness of the family," Sigala said in his last statement. "I have no reason for why I did it. I don't understand why I did it. I hope that you can live the rest of your lives without hate." The lethal injection was then started. He was pronounced dead at 6:20 p.m.

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    On this date, March 3, 1999, Walter Bernhard LaGrand was executed by the gas chamber in Arizona. Six days earlier, his brother, Karl Heinz LaGrand was executed by lethal injection in that State. They were both charged for murdering a man in an armed robbery. 

    Executions in California were carried out in the gas chamber at San Quentin State Prison. It was modified for the use of lethal injection, but has been returned to its original designated purpose, with the creation of a new chamber specifically for lethal injection.
    Please go to this previous blog post to learn more.

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    Nikolai Kozitsyn

    In this Wednesday Nov. 5, 2014 photo Nikolai Kozitsyn, the "Daddy", leader of so-called Great Don Army speaks in Perevalsk, Eastern Ukraine. Reebels don’t call Nikolai Kozitsyn “Daddy” for nothing. In this rebel-held eastern Ukrainian town, the mustachioed Cossack lords it over the locals and pays little heed to the bosses of the breakaway movement. Perevalsk and Alchevsk both participated in a contentious vote in early November to elect separatist deputies and leaders, but it is evident the outcome of the poll means little on the ground. Kozitsyn, in Perevalsk, said his authority came from a higher power. (AP Photo/Mstyslav Chernov) (The Associated Press)
    East Ukraine's separatists: a patchwork of fiefdoms run by rowdy warlords
    Published November 11, 2014
    Associated Press      

    They don't call Nikolai Kozitsyn "Daddy" for nothing. In this rebel-held eastern Ukrainian town, the mustachioed Cossack lords it over the locals and pays little heed to the bosses of the breakaway movement.

    Patches of Ukraine's depressed industrial basin in the east — in the throes of a pro-Russian separatist insurgency — have fallen under the control of such warlords, who run towns as their personal fiefdoms.

    Accountable seemingly to nobody, except perhaps Russia, these domains are a further destabilizing element in a six-month conflict that has left more than 4,000 dead and displaced a million.

    Kozitsyn, a stocky 58-year old Russian who says he has fighting experience in Yugoslavia and in several conflicts across the former Soviet Union, rules over the town of Perevalsk with a stern hand. Capital punishment is a necessary deterrent to crime in unruly times, Kozitsyn told The Associated Press in an interview at his headquarters, situated in a gloomy 1950s neo-classical building known as the House of Culture.

    "It has had a positive effect,"he said. "We have no marauding, no burglaries or car-jacking."

    But it's not clear whether such tough talk is mere bravado, for Kozitsyn demurs when pressed on whether any executions have actually been carried out. "People here have a quiet and simple life," he said, when pressed on the matter.

    Wooden ammunition crates are stacked up in front of the windows of Kozitsyn's sparse office. Behind him hang portraits of Russian President Vladimir Putin and former Kremlin chief of staff Vladislav Surkov — renowned for being the eminence grise of the Moscow leadership.

    Outside, four parked tanks carry Russian and rebel flags. Burly Cossacks with wind-burned faces wearing black-and-red astrakhan hats fix Ukrainian military hardware seized in fighting. In the lobby of the House of Culture, an elderly female barber shaves and gives haircuts to a line of Cossacks — members of a semi-military group which traditionally guarded the far-flung outposts of the Russian empire — waiting to pay court to a commander they affectionately call Batya, or Daddy.

    Kozitsyn imposed his authority quickly in the area.

    Nikolai Kozitsyn took control of the small city of Perevalsk, east Ukraine, in July. He walked through its streets on Nov. 15, 2014.Dmitry Beliakov for Al Jazeera America
    As armed pro-Russian separatists were seizing one town after another in eastern Ukraine, groups of Cossacks in early May crossed from southern Russia to occupy territories along the border. They claimed they did so to defend the interests of the native Russian-speaking population.

    "I'm fighting for this people and together with this people," said Kozistyn, "defending our rights to own this territory and the riches with which our Lord and forefathers endowed us."

    Kozitsyn, who leads a Cossack unit calling itself the Great Don Army, claims to rule over four-fifths of the rebel-controlled section of the Luhansk region, with thousands of men under his command. Rival rebels disagree.

    On the other side of the highway running by Perevalsk, in the town of Alchevsk, native son Alexei Mozgovoi runs things in similarly uncompromising and independent fashion. Mozgovoi has attracted controversy for his openness to dialogue with pro-Ukraine unity supporters — and his ruthless stance on law and order.

    At the end of October, two alleged rapists stood trial in Alchevsk before a "people's court" presided over by Mozgovoi and two other rebel commanders. Amid cries of "execution," the 300-strong audience — and jury — gave a show of hands that condemned one of the men to death. They spared the other man the death penalty to faint ripples of applause.

    Mozgovoi associate Yuri Shevchenko said this was justice in its purest form.

    "We gathered and presented the evidence for the people to pass judgment," Shevchenko said. "What we are saying is: 'We are giving you the right to judge.'"

    The rebels argue that public trials for heinous crimes — they claimed that one alleged rape victims was 12 years old — would serve as a deterrent. The condemned man remains in custody and it is unclear his jailers plan go through with execution.

    In extolling the virtues of the people's court, Mozgovoi condemned Ukrainian courts as "soaked with (corruption) like a cake with syrup."

    Nothing quite like this form of crowd justice has been sanctioned anywhere else in the self-proclaimed Luhansk People's Republic, underscoring the fragmented nature of the rebel command.

    The leaders in Perevalsk and Alchevsk try to refrain from excessively harsh criticism of their nominal superiors in Luhansk, but their disdain is transparent.

    Mozgovoi said he would rather work with Ukrainian officials, some of whom he said are good at what they do, rather than promote the flag-waving rebel commanders "who shout the loudest."

    That's a surprisingly candid statement that flies in the face of the separatist orthodoxy, which has it that Kiev is in the grip of irredeemable fascists.

    Top figures in the breakaway governments are a motley group of local men with opaque histories. Many have links to the political party of former President Viktor Yanukovych, who had his support base in the east. Yanukovych was overthrown in February after months of often bloody protests that were sparked by his government's decision to favor ties with Russia over Europe.

    The current crisis was ostensibly sparked by fears that Russian speakers in eastern Ukraine would be oppressed by a government that Russian state media has cast as extremist nationalists.

    Mozgovoi readily concedes the self-proclaimed Luhansk People's Republic has done little to improve the lot of people under their rule, and that the corruption of the previous regime is still going strong.

    "In the past six months," he said, "our government has achieved nothing."

    Perevalsk and Alchevsk both participated in a contentious vote in early November to elect separatist deputies and leaders, but it is evident the outcome of the poll means little on the ground.

    Kozitsyn is escorted by bodyguards. Dmitry Beliakov for Al Jazeera America
    Kozitsyn, in Perevalsk, said his authority came from a higher power.

    "We are an independent organization and we don't depend on anyone," he said. "I'm answerable only to President Putin and our Lord."

    Don Cossack Insignia

    Sentenced to Death by a Crowd: Russian Roulette (Dispatch 86)
    Published on Nov 12, 2014
    During the war, various areas of eastern Ukraine under separatist control have been under the jurisdiction of field commanders, who run these areas under their own laws.

    VICE News correspondent Simon Ostrovsky traveled to Alchevsk in the Luhansk region to interview Alexei Mozgovoi, who's been running a "people's court" in which people are tried for various crimes, from rape to theft, with residents acting as the jury.

    Subscribe to VICE News here:

    Follow @simonostrovsky on Twitter here:

    Click to watch "The Firefighters of Donetsk: Russian Roulette (Dispatch 85)" -

    Check out "Military Convoys on the Move in Rebel-Held East Ukraine as Donetsk Fighting Intensifies" -

    Click to watch "The Donetsk People's Republic" -

    Check out the VICE News beta for more:

    Follow VICE News here:


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    On this date, March 5, 1940, Six high-ranking members of Soviet politburo, including General Secretary Joseph Stalin, sign an order for the execution of 25,700 Polish intelligentsia, including 14,700 Polish POWs, in what will become known as the Katyn massacre. I will post information about the letter from Wikipedia and Wikisource.

    The first page of Beria's notice (oversigned by Stalin and other high-ranking Politburo members), to kill approximately 25,000 Polish officers and intellectuals in the Katyn Forest and other places in the Soviet Union.

    English: The accepted proposal of Lavrentiy Beria to execute former Polish army and police officers in NKVD prisoner of war camps and prisons. March 1940.
    From the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union to comrade STALIN
    In the NKVD POW camps and in the prisons of the western oblasts of Ukraine and Belorussia there is currently a large number of former officers of the Polish army, former Polish police officers and employees of intelligence agencies, members of Polish nationalist c-r (counterrevolutionary) parties, participants in underground c-r rebel organizations, defectors and so on. All of them are implacable enemies of Soviet power and full of hatred for the Soviet system.
    POW officers and policemen located in the camps are attempting to continue c-r work and are leading anti-Soviet agitation. Each of them is simply waiting to be freed so they can have the opportunity to actively join the fight against Soviet power.
    NKVD agents in the western oblasts of Ukraine and Belorussia have uncovered a number of c-r rebel organizations. In each of these c-r organizations the former officers of the former Polish army and former Polish police officers played an active leadership role.
    Among the detained defectors and violators of the state-
    (Signatures: In favor - Stalin, Voroshilov, Molotov, Mikoyan)
    (In margin: Comrade Kalinin - In favor. Comrade Kaganovich - In favor.)

    On 5 March 1940, pursuant to a note to Joseph Stalin from Beria, six members of the Soviet Politburo—Stalin, Vyacheslav Molotov, Lazar Kaganovich, Kliment Voroshilov, Anastas Mikoyan, and Mikhail Kalinin—signed an order to execute 25,700 Polish "nationalists and counterrevolutionaries" kept at camps and prisons in occupied western Ukraine and Belarus. The reason for the massacre, according to historian Gerhard Weinberg, was that Stalin wanted to deprive a potential future Polish military of a large portion of its talent:

    It has been suggested that the motive for this terrible step [the Katyn massacre] was to reassure the Germans as to the reality of Soviet anti-Polish policy. This explanation is completely unconvincing in view of the care with which the Soviet regime kept the massacre secret from the very German government it was supposed to impress. ... A more likely explanation is that ... [the massacre] should be seen as looking forward to a future in which there might again be a Poland on the Soviet Union's western border. Since he intended to keep the eastern portion of the country in any case, Stalin could be certain that any revived Poland would be unfriendly. Under those circumstances, depriving it of a large proportion of its military and technical elite would make it weaker.

    In addition, the Soviets realized that the prisoners constituted a large body of trained and motivated Poles who would not accept a Fourth Partition of Poland.

    March 1940
    № 794/B

    Central Committee, VKP(b)

    A large quantity of former officials of the Polish Army, employees of the Polish Police and intelligence services, members of the Polish Nationalistic Party, counter-revolutionaries, discovered members pertaining to insurgent groups of counter-revolutionaries, fugitive and others, all of them sworn enemies of the Soviet régime, who hate the Soviet system, are at the moment in prisoners of war field camps of the NKVD OF THE USSR and in prisons of Ukraine and Byelorussia.

    The prisoners of war and policemen in field camps conduct anti-Soviet agitation. Each one of them is only hoping and awaits release in order to have the capability actively to be included in activities against the Soviet régime.

    The organs of the NKVD in the western provinces of Ukraine and Byelorussia have discovered a number of insurgent counter-revolutionary organizations.

    Former officials of the former Polish Army and policemen, as well as of gendarmerie have shown that they are participating in espionage and insurgent activities. Among the prisoners (without considering the soldiers and officials composition) there are 14,736 former officials, government civil employees, landowners, police, gendarmes, prison guards, colonizers of border regions and intelligence officials – by nationality more than 97% are Polish, among them:

    295 generals, colonels and lieutenant colonels
    2080 majors and captains
    6049 lieutenants, second lieutenant and lieutenants
    1030 Senior officers and low-order commanders of the police
    5138 Policemen, gendarmes, prison guards and personnel to us of intelligence
    144 officials, landowners, Roman Catholic priests and colonizers of border regions

    In the western region of Ukraine and Byelorussia, there are 18,632 Prisoners (10,685 of them Poles), including:

    1207 former officials
    5141 former policemen, intelligence officials and gendarmerie
    347 spies and saboteurs
    465 former landowners, factory owners and civil employees of government
    5345 Members of several insurgent organizations and other counter-revolutionary elements.
    6127 Fugitives

    On the basis of the fact that they all are declared enemy of the Soviet régime, the NKVD OF THE USSR considers it necessary:

    I To authorize the NKVD OF THE USSR:

    1) in the matters about the prisoners of war in field camps of 14,700 people of former Polish officials, landowners, policemen, civil employees of government, intelligence officials, gendarmes, colonizers of the border regions and prison guards

    2) and also the matter about those arrested and located in prisons in the western regions of Ukraine and Byelorussia in a quantity of 11,000 people, insurgents, spies and saboteurs, former landowners, factory owners, former Polish police officials, fugitive civil employees of government, the highest method of punishment due to apply to them - execution.

    II The examination of the cases will have to be carried out without instructing summary and without raising positions. The manifestos with the final decision about the end consequence and accusatory conclusion in following:

    a) for the people located in field camps for prisoners of war, the certificate form emitted by the NKVD OF THE USSR;

    b) for the arrested persons in the certificate form emitted by the NKVD OF THE RSS of Ukraine and the NKVD OF THE RSS of Byelorussia.

    III the cases will have to be examined and the verdicts pronounced by a court of three consistent members of the comrades Merkulov, Kobulov and Bashtakov (chief of the 1st special section NKVD OF THE USSR)

    Of the Union OF SSR

    (signature) L. Beria

    [On the 1st page in a bold hand across the entire text are the signatures (following the word "za", i.e. "for [the proposal]") of Stalin, Voroshilov, Molotov and Mikoyan made with colored pencils. A handwritten note says "com[rade] Kalinin - for [the proposal] / com[rade] Kaganovich for [the proposal]".

    On the top of the first page, above the "TOP SECRET" designation, there is supposed to be a form stamp, which can be barely seen. Inside the stamp it is written by hand: "13 144OP", which signifies protocol no. 13, item 144 OP, where "OP" is "osobaya papka", "special file".
    Below the "TOP SECRET" designation there is a date "from 5.III.1940"; this is the date of the Politburo decision according to this proposal.

    On p. 3 in the enumeration of the composition of "troika", Beria's surname is crossed-out and the surname "Kobulov" is inscribed by hand.]

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    On this date, March 5, 1953, the famous Soviet Union Leader, Joseph Stalin died of illness. I will post information about his death from HistoryToday

    Soviet leader Joseph Stalin lying in state in the hall of Trade Union House, Moscow. Hulton/Getty

    The Soviet leader died on March 5th, 1953.        

    Just how many millions of deaths Joseph Stalin was responsible for is disputed, but that the figure runs into millions is not in doubt. To the end, when he was in his seventies and approaching his own death, his subordinates continued to carry out his murderous orders.

    Stalin was paranoid in any case and in his later years he suffered from arterio-sclerosis. There’s a theory that this may have exacerbated his temper, which became ever more savage as he grew older. His doctor, Vladimir Vinogradov, noticed a marked change for the worse in Stalin’s health early in 1952. When he suggested that the dictator start to take things more easily, the patient flew into a furious rage and had him arrested.

    Several other medical men were arrested in 1952. Some of them were Jewish and newspaper tirades against ‘murderers in white gowns’ provoked widespread rumours about a medical conspiracy. There were whispers of babies killed in maternity wards and patients being given poisoned medicines. In January 1953 the Tass press agency reported the arrest of nine members of ‘a criminal group of killer doctors’, accused of murdering prominent Soviet figures. Six of the nine were Jews. More doctors were arrested and although many of them were not Jewish, there was an outbreak of anti-Semitism and Jews were attacked in the streets. Stalin meantime was seriously considering a plan to deport all Soviet Jews to Siberia.

    The accused doctors’ lives were saved by Stalin’s own death. He had begun to feel his age and tell his subordinates that he had not long left to live. His senior colleagues, their homes and offices bugged by the security police, were all terrified of him. At a meeting of the Central Committee of the Party in October 1952 Stalin announced that he was too old to cope any longer and asked to be relieved of his post as Secretary General. Georgi Malenkov, in the chair, paled for fear that the other members would not instantly stand up to protest and demand that the request be denied. Fortunately for him, they did.

    Stalin left the Kremlin for his dacha at Kuntsevo, outside Moscow, in mid-February 1953, for the last time. There are conflicting reports of what happened, but after a routine night of heavy drinking until the early hours of March 1st, the guards became alarmed when there was no sound from their master all day and late in the evening a guard or a maid ventured in and found him lying on the floor of his bedroom. One account says he was conscious, but only able to make incoherent noises, and had wet himself. Nikita Khrushchev recalled that he and Malenkov, Beria and Bulganin went out to Kuntsevo after a telephone call from the guards to Malenkov. At the dacha they were told that Stalin had been put on a sofa in the small dining room ‘in an unpresentable state’ and was now asleep. The four men, embarrassed and not realising that anything was seriously wrong, went back to Moscow.

    Not until the next day, with Stalin paralysed and speechless, were doctors summoned. Almost too frightened to touch him, they announced that he had suffered a massive stroke. Leading Politburo members went to the dacha every day, hesitating and dithering, apparently unsure what to do, while rumours spread that they or some of them had taken a hand in putting an end to the dictator.

    According to his daughter Svetlana, who was at the bedside, at 9.50pm on the 5th Stalin’s eyes opened with ‘a terrible look – either mad or angry and full of the fear of death’. He raised his left hand, pointing upwards, perhaps threateningly, and then death took him. It was announced on the radio the next day, with appeals for calm, and the funeral was held in Red Square on March 9th in the presence of a huge crowd – so large that some were crushed to death. Stalin’s veteran colleague Vyacheslav Molotov, whose wife was in a prison camp where she was known as Object Number Twelve, spoke in praise of the dead tyrant. So did Malenkov and Beria, but in private Beria made no secret of his relief at the dictator’s passing. Stalin’s body was embalmed and was presently put on display with Lenin’s corpse in the renamed Lenin-Stalin Mausoleum.

    Malenkov, Molotov and Beria had taken steps to secure their own positions. At a meeting on March 6th Malenkov was appointed Chairman of the Council of Ministers. Molotov was to be foreign minister. Beria, appointed minister of internal affairs, organised an exhibition for members of the Central Committee at which tapes of Stalin’s conversations with security police were played and the late dictator’s responsibility for the arrest of innocent officials was clearly established. Nothing was said in public as yet, but the demolition of Stalin’s image had begun.

    Stalin would have loved Obama 
    Stalin's death 1992 HBO
    Published on Dec 8, 2013
    All rights reserved to HBO and MGM
    HBO original movie starring Robert Duvall as Joseph Stalin.
    History project

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    Had Charles Martel not been victorious at Poitiers -already, you see, the world had already fallen into the hands of the Jews, so gutless a thing Christianity! -then we should in all probability have been converted to Mohammedanism [Islam], that cult which glorifies the heroism and which opens up the seventh Heaven to the bold warrior alone. Then the Germanic races would have conquered the world. Christianity alone prevented them from doing so.

    - Adolf Hitler

                50 years ago on this date, March 5, 1965, Johann Von Leers, a Nazi who converted to Islam, passed away. I will post information about him from Wikipedia and other links.

    January 25, 1902
    Karbow-Vietlübbe, Germany
    5 March 1965 (aged 63)
    Cairo, Egypt
    Other work
    Convert to Islam

    Johann von Leers (25 January 1902 – 5 March 1965) was an Alter Kämpfer and an honorary Sturmbannführer in the Waffen SS in Nazi Germany, where he was also a professor known for his anti-Jewish polemics. He was one of the most important ideologues of the Third Reich, serving as a high-ranking propaganda ministry official. He later served in the Egyptian Information Department, as well as an advisor to Gamal Abdel Nasser. He published for Goebbels, in Peron's Argentina and for Nasser's Egypt. He converted to Islam, and changed his name to Omar Amin.

    1Early life and education

    Von Leers was born in Vietlübbe, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Germany on January 25, 1902. He studied law at Berlin, Kiel, and Rostock and eventually worked as an attache in the foreign office. He was involved in the Viking Free Corps. Von Leers became actively involved in voelkisch politics during the Weimar Republic, and he joined the NSDAP in 1929. He was a district speaker and leader of the National Socialist Students' League, and in 1933 signed the Gelöbnis treuester Gefolgschaft, the "vow of most faithful allegiance" to Adolf Hitler.


    2.1Nazi Germany

    Von Leers supported himself writing freelance articles for the NSDAP press, and joined the Waffen SS in 1936 as a sub-Sturmbannführer, eventually becoming an a full honorary. He would serve as a professor at the University of Jena. He eventually was summoned by Joseph Goebbels to work in the propaganda ministry. There he was assigned to proliferate party propaganda, eventually penning 27 books between 1933-1945.

    He wrote the notorious anti-Semitic tract (published and popular during the Third Reich), Juden sehen dich an (Jews Are Looking at You). He was fluent in five languages, including Dutch and Japanese.

    Jeffrey Herf reports that in December 1942, von Leers published an article in Die Judenfrage, a journal which belonged to the anti-Semitic intellectual world, entitled "Judaism and Islam as Opposites". As the title indicates, the author's perspective is Hegelian, presenting Judaism and Islam in terms of thesis and antithesis. This essay also reveals the ingratiating National Socialist perspective which von Leers projected on the Islamic past as well as the intensity of his hatred for Judaism and Jewry. The following passage is part of the original text:

    Mohammed's hostility to the Jews had one result: Oriental Jewry was completely paralyzed. Its backbone was broken. Oriental Jewry effectively did not participate in [European] Jewry's tremendous rise to power in the last two centuries. Despised in the filthy lanes of the mellah (the walled Jewish quarter of a Moroccan city, analogous to the European ghetto) the Jews vegetated there. They lived under a special law (that of a protected minority), which in contrast to Europe did not permit usury or even traffic in stolen goods, but kept them in a state of oppression and anxiety. If the rest of the world had adopted a similar policy, we would not have a Jewish Question (Judenfrage).... As a religion, Islam indeed performed an eternal service to the world: it prevented the threatened conquest of Arabia by the Jews and vanquished the horrible teaching of Jehovah by a pure religion, which at that time opened the way to a higher culture for numerous peoples .... (Quoted in Victor Klemperer'Tagebuch as author of an article "Schuld ist der Jude" in nr.143 of "Freiheitskampf" Review (1943), where he accuses the Jews to have prepared the First World War to destroy the German people: "if the Jews win, our destiny will be that of the polish officers in Katyn".

    Von Leers was a proponent of realpolitik, advocating a race-free foreign relations policy on the basis of relationship and alliance. He authored the memo which led to the exemption of non-Jewish racial minorities from race lawsin the nation in 1934, 1936, and 1937.


    In 1945 he fled to Italy, living there for five years, and then moving to Argentina in 1950 where he continued his propaganda activities. He was praised by Haj Amin al-Husseini for his loyalty to Arab nationalism. Thereafter he moved from Argentina to Egypt.

    2.2.1In Nasser's Egypt

    Von Leers was welcomed in Egypt by al-Husseini and he became the political adviser to the Information Department under Muhammad Naguib and Gamal Abdel Nasser. He continued to specialize in anti-Semitism as head of the Institute for the Study of Zionism, managing anti-Israeli propaganda. He was a mentor of Ahmed Huberand networked with Muslim emigres in Hamburg, while also being an acquaintance of Otto Ernst Remer in the country.


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                On this date, March 6, 1947, Jürgen Stroop was hanged at Mokotów Prison at seven o'clock in the evening. I will post information about this Nazi War Criminal from Wikipedia and other links.


     Jürgen Stroop

    26 September 1895
    Detmold, German Empire
    6 March 1952 (aged 56)
    Warsaw, Polish People's Republic
    German Empire
    Third Reich
    Deutsches Heer
    SS-Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Waffen-SS und Polizei
    SS- und Polizeiführer
    World War I
    World War II (Warsaw Ghetto)

    Jürgen Stroop (born Josef Stroop, 26 September 1895, Detmold, Germany – 6 March 1952, Warsaw, Poland) was an SS General during World War II. He is best known for being in command against the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising and for writing the Stroop Report, a booklength account of the operation. Following the defeat of Nazi Germany, Stroop was prosecuted during the Dachau Trials and convicted of murdering nine American POWs. After his extradition to the People's Republic of Poland, Stroop was tried, convicted, and hanged for crimes against humanity.


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  • 03/07/15--19:50: Vorwärts! Vorwärts!

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  • 03/07/15--19:50: HITLER YOUTH

  •             I will post information of Adolf Hitler’s Youth Organization, the Hitler Youth A.K.A Hitlerjugend from Wikipedia and other links. I do it for history researching.

    Revealed: Inside the Hitler Youth camps where youngsters were brainwashed to become Nazis, having their heads shaved and standing guard... as rare albums from one cadet go up for auction
    • Chilling photographs of Nazi group were taken by 15-year-old Friedhelm Huhn during 'Landjahr' in 1938
    • They show teenagers marching, having their heads shaved and gathering in front of swastika flags
    • Two photo albums are set to fetch £750 when they go up for auction in California later this month
    The chilling photographs show how teenagers in Nazi Germany were brainwashed into supporting the fascist cause at Hitler Youth indoctrination camps.

    The rare images capture the boys marching, standing guard and having their heads shaved in accordance with military rules.

    They were compiled by a 15-year-old while he carried out his training over the course of eight months in the year before the outbreak of the Second World War.

    Gathering: A picture of a Hitler Youth 'Landjahr' training camp taken in 1938 by a 15-year-old boy who was taking part
    Owner: The photographs were taken by Friedhelm Huhn, whose identity document is shown, when he was attending the camp in 1938

    Owner: The photographs were taken by Friedhelm Huhn, whose identity document is shown, when he was attending the camp in 1938
    The photo albums, which were looted by an Allied soldier at the end of the war, are now going up for auction in California.

    They originated from the 'Landjahr', the rural training camp for boys aged between 15 and 18 who had joined the Hitler Youth.

    During the war, members were drafted into the German fire service before becoming part of the military reserve and then acted as the last line of the defence of Berlin.

    Some of the photos show the 'soldiers of tomorrow' in uniform, complete with a Swastika armband and long shorts.

    They are depicted marching in regimented order with a drill sergeant-type figure walking alongside them.

    Activities: These photographs show teenagers examining diagrams promoting physical fitness, and having their heads shaved

    Discipline: The boys - many of whom would later fight in the Second World War - used to practice marching in military fashion

    Memento: Friedhelm apparently kept the photos and his uniform patches, but they were looted by an Allied soldier
    Another photo is a group shot of dozens of members stood in a canteen with a giant Swastika flag above their heads.

    There is a picture of two boys aged about 14 getting their hair shaved short in military fashion, while others show boys studying diagrams about how to improve their physical fitness.

    The two albums were compiled by Friedhelm Huhn, who carried out his training as a teenager between April and December 1938.

    It is not known what happened to him during the war, but it is believed the albums were taken as a souvenir by an Allied serviceman at the end of the conflict.

    The albums - along with Friedhelm Huhn's ID cards and Landjahr uniform patches - are now being sold by auctioneer Nate D. Sanders, which is based in Los Angeles.  

    Playful: But while the pictures may seem charming, the Swastika armbands worn by the teenagers hint at the dark truth

    Gathering: One image shows all the participants in the Landjahr standing under a huge swastika flag
    Terry Charman, a historian at the Imperial War Museum, said: 'Although it was never compulsory to join the Hitler Youth, in practice it more or less was.

    'Parents really had to send their sons along for training. The Nazis represented it as a German version of the Boy Scouts - which it certainly was not.

    'The boys were soldiers of tomorrow and the training had a strong military element to it and involved firearms.

    'A lot of the Hitler Youth were drafted in the the anti-aircraft batteries but those who had a reputation for being fairly awesome fighters joined the Waffen SS. 

    Outing: Other images appear to show the Hitler Youth outside the setting of the camp on a visit to a city

    Collection: These photo albums are going up for auction in California and are set to fetch £750

    'In the last days of the war the Hitler Youth was mobilised in the German version of the Home Guard and fought on both eastern and western fronts. A lot of them were sacrificed in Berlin, some as young as 12 or 13.

    'The last Nazi newsreel film out of Germany in the war showed Hitler handing out gallantry medals such as the Iron Cross to members of the Hitler Youth for distinguishing themselves in battle.'

    The albums, which measure 10in by 7.5in, have a pre-sale estimate of £750 and are being sold on February 27.

    Hitler Youth members performing the Nazi salute at a rally at the Lustgarten in Berlin, 1933