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  • 11/14/15--04:24: NOVEMBER 2015 PARIS ATTACKS
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    Mug shot of Oba Chandler
    Oba Chandler (October 11, 1946 – November 15, 2011) was an American man convicted and executed for the June 1989 triple murders of Joan Rogers and her two daughters, whose bodies were found floating in Tampa Bay, Florida, with their hands and feet bound. Concrete blocks had been tied to their necks and duct tape placed over their mouths. Autopsies showed the victims had been thrown into the water while still alive. The case became high-profile in 1992 when police posted billboards showing enlargements of samples of an unknown suspect's handwriting, which were found on a pamphlet in the victims' car. Chandler was identified as the killer when his neighbor recognized the writing. This was the first such use of billboards by police in the US and they became useful tools in later searches for missing people.

    Prior to his arrest, Chandler worked as an aluminum building contractor. He testified in his own defense against the advice of his attorneys and said that he had met the Ohio women and had given them directions, but said he never saw them again aside from in newspaper coverage and on the billboards set up by investigators. Police originally theorized that two men were involved in the murders of the Rogers women, but this was discounted once Chandler was arrested. Following his conviction, Chandler was incarcerated at Union Correctional Institution, and during his 17 years of incarceration until his execution, he was notable as not having had a single visitor.

    On October 10, 2011, Florida Governor Rick Scott signed a death warrant for Chandler, whose execution was set for November 15, 2011, at 4:00 pm. Chandler was executed with a lethal injection and was pronounced dead just after 4:25 pm. He wrote a last statement to prison officials which said, "You are killing a (sic) innocent man today"; it was read out at a post-execution news conference.

    In February 2014 DNA evidence identified Oba Chandler as the murderer of Ivelisse Berrios-Beguerisse, who was found dead in Coral Springs on November 27, 1990.

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                On this date, November 16, 2011, a pedophile from San Antonio, Texas, Guadalupe Esparza was executed by lethal injection in that state. He was convicted of the June 30, 1999 murder of 7-year-old Alyssa Vasquez.


    Guadalupe Esparza

    The victim, 7-year-old Alyssa Vasquez

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    Kenneth Allen McDuff (March 21, 1946 – November 17, 1998) was an American murderer. He was convicted of murdering sixteen-year-old Edna Sullivan, her boyfriend, seventeen-year-old Robert Brand, and Robert’s cousin, fifteen-year-old Mark Dunnam, who was visiting from California. They were all strangers who McDuff abducted after noticing Sullivan; she was repeatedly raped before having her neck broken with a broomstick. McDuff was given three death sentences, and subsequently convicted of having offered a bribe to a member of the parole board. He was freed in 1989. He was given a new death sentence and executed for a murder committed after his release, he is suspected to have been responsible many other killings. According to one reporter, "If there has ever been a good argument for the death penalty, it's Kenneth McDuff."


    Kenneth McDuff

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                On this date, November 17, 1871, The National Rifle Association is granted a charter by the state of New York. I will post information about this Gun Rights Organization from Wikipedia and other links.

    National Rifle Association of America

    Logo for the National Rifle Association

    Company A, 22d regiment, New York National Guard, C.O. Captain George Wingate
    November 17, 1871; 144 years ago
    Firearm ownership rights, Political advocacy, Publishing
    • Fairfax, Virginia, USA
    Area served
    United States of America
    Membership organization, magazine publisher, education/certification, museum curation
    5 million (as of May 2013)
    Key people
    President, James W. Porter II; Executive Vice President, Wayne LaPierre
    NRA Civil Rights Defense Fund
    NRA Foundation Inc.
    NRA Special Contribution Fund
    NRA Freedom Action Foundation
    NRA Institute for Legislative Action (Lobbying arm)
    NRA Political Victory Fund (PAC)
    $256 million (2012)
    $254 million (2012)
    1. To protect and defend the Constitution of the United States.
    2. To promote public safety, law and order, and the national defense.
    3. To train members of law enforcement agencies, the armed forces, the militia, and people of good repute in marksmanship and in the safe handling and efficient use of small arms.
    4. To foster and promote the shooting sports.
    5. To promote hunter safety.

    The National Rifle Association of America (NRA) is an American nonprofit organization which advocates for gun rights. Founded in 1871, the group has informed its members about firearm-related bills since 1934, and it has directly lobbied for and against legislation since 1975.

    Originally founded to advance rifle marksmanship, the modern NRA continues to teach firearm competency and safety. It instructs civilians and law enforcement, youths and adults, in various programs. The organization also publishes several magazines and sponsors competitive marksmanship events. Its membership surpassed 5 million in May 2013.

    Observers and lawmakers see the NRA as one of the top three most influential lobbying groups in Washington. Over its history the organization has influenced legislation, participated in or initiated lawsuits, and endorsed or opposed various candidates.

    The NRA has four charitable subsidiaries: the NRA Civil Rights Defense Fund, the NRA Foundation Inc., the NRA Special Contribution Fund, and the NRA Freedom Action Foundation. The NRA Institute for Legislative Action (NRA-ILA) is its lobbying arm, which manages its political action committee, the Political Victory Fund (PVF).


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  • 11/16/15--13:10: SR-25 SNIPER RIFLE

  •             To celebrate the anniversary of the National Rifle Association, founded on November 17, 1871, I will post information about the SR-25 Sniper Rifle from Wikipedia.


    A SR-25 outfitted with a riflescope, bipod and a detachable suppressor

    Place of origin
    Service history
    In service
    Used by
    See Users
    Production history
    SR-25 Enhanced Match rifle, with 20 in (510 mm) barrel
    SR-25 Enhanced Match Carbine, with 16 in (410 mm) barrel and M110flash suppressor
    Match Rifle 10.75 lb (4.88 kg),
    LwMatch 9.5 lb (4.3 kg),
    Carbine 7.5 lb (3.4 kg),
    Sporter 8.75 lb (3.97 kg)
    1,118 mm (44.0 in)
    Barrel length
    Match Rifle 24 in (610 mm)
    (also LwMatch & Sporter 20 in or 510 mm, Carbine 16 in or 410 mm)

    Feed system
    10 and 20-round detachable box magazine

    The SR-25 (Stoner Rifle-25) is a semi-automaticspecial application sniper rifle designed by Eugene Stoner and manufactured by Knight's Armament Company.

    The SR-25 uses a rotating boltand a direct impingementgas system. It is loosely based on Stoner's AR-10, rebuilt in its original 7.62×51mm NATO caliber. Up to 60% of parts of the SR-25 are interchangeable with the AR-15 and M16—everything but the upper and lower receivers, the hammer, the barrel assembly and the bolt carrier group. SR-25 barrels were originally manufactured by Remington Arms with its 5R (5 grooves, right twist) rifling, with twist 1:11.25 (1 complete turn in 11.25 inches or 286 millimetres). The heavy 24 in (610 mm) barrel is free-floating, so handguards are attached to the front of the receiver and do not touch the barrel.

    First military purchase was spearheaded by the U.S. Navy in the early 1990s; the first operational deployment and use of the SR-25 sniper rifle was with U.S. Navy SEAL snipers supporting operations in Somalia in 1993.


    In the late 1950s, Eugene Stoner designed the AR-10battle rifle to equip U.S. troops. Although it was accurate for an auto-loading rifle, it lost the competition to the M14 rifle. When the AR-15 was created, patent rights for it, and the AR-10, were sold to Colt's Manufacturing Company. Colt focused on the AR-15, giving others the ability to capitalize on the AR-10 system.

    In the early 1990s, Stoner joined Knight's Armament Company. He continued his AR-10 design work and joined it with the direct gas system of the AR-15. The end result was the SR-25 (adding together the numbers of the AR-10 and AR-15), which improved the AR-10 design with M16A2 advancements and parts commonality. The original SR-25, released in the early 1990s, had a heavy free-floating 24 in (610 mm) match grade barrel with a fiberglass handguard. It had a flat top upper receiver with a Mil-Std 1913 railfor mounting optics and a 2-stage match grade trigger. The bolt carrier was similar to the AR-10's, being chrome plated and having a captive firing pin retainer pin. The SR-25 was designed specifically to fire 168 gr (10.9 g) open-tip match cartridges. Accuracy was guaranteed at or under 1 minute of angle. At first AR-10 type 20-round magazines were used, but they were later replaced by steel 20-round M16-style magazines.

    The United States Special Operations Command took interest in the SR-25, particularly its high magazine capacity and faster engagement time compared to bolt-action rifles. After some modifications, SOCOM adopted the SR-25 as the Mk 11 Mod 0 in May 2000. Changes included a shorter 20 in (510 mm) barrel that could fire M118 and M118LR 7.62×51mm NATO rounds and had a quick detachable sound suppressor mount. An 11.35 in (288 mm) free-floating handguard rail system allowed for mounting accessories. Flip-up front sights and adjustable back-up iron sights were added, and an M16A2 stock and pistol grip were used.
    Beginning in mid-2011, SOCOM began divesting the Mk 11 Mod 0 from their inventory and replacing it with the SSR Mk 20, the sniper variant of the FN SCAR. The Mk 11 is to be completely replaced by 2017.


    The SR-25 enhanced match rifle utilizes the newer URX II Picatinny-Weaver rail system, rather than the older Mk 11 free-floating RAS, on the top of the receiver to accept different scope mounts or a carrying handle with iron sights (front sight mounted on the rail located on the forward end of the non-modular handguard). The match version is designed to shoot at a precision of 0.5 minutes of angle, which corresponds to 0.5-inch (13 mm) groups at 100 yards (91 m).

    The Mk 11 Mod 0 system comes in 7.62 mm NATO caliber, and is designed for match-grade 7.62×51mm NATO ammunition. The Mk 11 system includes the rifle, 20 round box magazines, QD (Quick Detachable) scope rings, Leupold Mark 4 Mil-dot riflescope, Harris swivel-base bipod on a Knight's mount, and QD sound suppressor, which is also manufactured by Knight's Armament Co. Flip-up BUIS (Back up iron sights) are attached to the modified gas block and upper receiver.

    The Mk 11 Mod 0 utilizes an Obermeyer 20 in (510 mm) match target barrel, along with a RAS (Rail Accessory System) fore-end made by KAC, consisting of an 11.35 in (288 mm) long match fore-end. The RAS allows for quick attachment/detachment of MIL-STD-1913 components. The aluminum fore-end makes no contact with the barrel forward of the receiver, allowing for extreme accuracy. The Mk 11 Mod 0 has an empty weight of 15.3 lb (6.9 kg), and an overall length of 45.4 in (115 cm). The civilian version, using the longer 24 in (610 mm) match barrel, is guaranteed to produce groupings of less than 1 in (25 mm) at 100 yd (91 m), or 0.3 angular mil, using factory match loads.

    During the Iraq War, the United States Marine Corps ordered 180 Mk 11 Mod 1 rifles. These were Mk 11s equipped with the upper receiver of the M110 Semi-Automatic Sniper System. The M110 upper gave the Mk 11 Mod 1 a URX modular rail system and a flash suppressor on the barrel. These saw limited use before they were phased out when the Marines chose to purchase the Mk 11 Mod 2, which was simply the USSOCOMand U.S. Navydesignation for the complete M110 rifle.

    The new SR-25 Enhanced Match (E.M.) Carbine is very similar to the KAC M110 Semi-Automatic Sniper System, though the M110 utilizes the newer URX Rail system, a length-adjustable fixed buttstock, and an integrated flash suppressor. Starting late 2011, USMC snipers will replace Mk 11 Mod 0 rifles with the M110 on a one-for-one basis.


    SR-25 Sniper Rifle

    Maj. Gen. Douglas V. O'Dell shoots a 7.62mm KAC (Knight's Armament Company) SR-25 sniper rifle. O'Dell, Commanding General of the 4th Marine Expeditionary Brigade (Anti-Terrorism), feels that the SR-25 is the most stable and accurate weapon he's ever shot.

    CHESAPEAKE, Va. A Maritime Security Response Team (MSRT) Precision Marksmen Observer Team (PMOT) sight on targets 800 yards down range, Feb. 17, 2011. MSRT precision marksmen are trained to shoot from boats, helicopters and collect data to relay back to command elements.

    Navy SEALs sniper with MK 11.

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    On this date, November 19, 2002, a Cop Killer, Craig Neil Ogan, Jr. was executed by lethal injection in Texas. He was convicted of shooting Officer James C. Boswell on December 9, 1989.


    Craig Neil Ogan, Jr.

    Officer James C. Boswell
    [END OF WATCH: December 9, 1989]

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                70 years ago on this date, November 21, 1945, Robert H. Jackson gave an opening address at the Nuremberg Trials.


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    Mohammed Ajmal Amir Kasab(Punjabi/Urdu: محمد اجمل امیر قصاب‎‎; 13 July 1987 – 21 November 2012) was a Pakistani militant and a member of the Lashkar-e-Taiba Islamist group, through which he took part in the 2008 Mumbai attacks in India. Kasab was the only attacker captured alive by police.

    Kasab was born in Faridkot, Pakistan to a family belonging to the Qassab community. He left his home in 2005, engaging in petty crime and armed robbery with a friend. In late 2007, he and his friend encountered members of Jama'at-ud-Da'wah, the political wing of Lashkar-e-Taiba, distributing pamphlets, and were persuaded to join.

    On 3 May 2010, Kasab was found guilty of 80 offences, including murder, waging war against India, possessing explosives, and other charges. On 6 May 2010, the same trial court sentenced him to death on four counts and to a life sentence on five counts. Kasab's death sentence was upheld by the Bombay High Court on 21 February 2011. The verdict was upheld by the Supreme Court of India on 29 August 2012. Kasab was hanged on 21 November 2012 at 7:30 a.m. and buried at Yerwada Jail in Pune.

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                On this date, November 22, 1946, the Reich Minister of Justice, Otto Georg Thierack, committed suicide by poisoning himself.


    Otto Georg Thierack in 1940

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    “Vyshinsky”. Soviet lawyer, diplomat, academician A. Ya. Vyshinsky (1883-1954).

    “Shoot these rabid dogs. Death to this gang who hide their ferocious teeth, their eagle claws, from the people! Down with that vulture Trotsky, from whose mouth a bloody venom drips, putrefying the great ideals of Marxism!... Down with these abject animals! Let's put an end once and for all to these miserable hybrids of foxes and pigs, these stinking corpses! Let's exterminate the mad dogs of capitalism, who want to tear to pieces the flower of our new Soviet nation! Let's push the bestial hatred they bear our leaders back down their own throats!”

    Andrey Yanuarevich Vyshinsky (Russian: Андре́й Януа́рьевич Выши́нский, Andrej Yanuar'evič Vyšinskij; Polish: Andrzej Wyszyński) (10 December [O.S. 28 November] 1883 – 22 November 1954) was a Soviet politician, jurist and diplomat.

    He is known as a state prosecutor of Joseph Stalin's Moscow trials and in the Nuremberg trials. He was the Soviet Foreign Minister from 1949 to 1953, after having served as Deputy Foreign Minister under Vyacheslav Molotov since 1940. He also headed the Institute of State and Law in the Soviet Academy of Sciences.

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    In Dallas, Texas, US President John F. Kennedy is assassinated and Texas Governor John Connally is seriously wounded. Suspect Lee Harvey Oswald is later captured and charged with the murder of both the President and police officer J. D. Tippit. Oswald is shot two days later by Jack Ruby while in police custody.


    President Kennedy with his wife, Jacqueline, and Governor of TexasJohn Connally in the presidential limousine, minutes before the President's assassination.

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  • 11/22/15--14:46: CHILD SOLDIERS IN AFRICA
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                I will post information about Ishmael Beah from Wikipedia and other links.

    Ishmael Beah
    Ishmael Beah

    Ismael Beah
    23 November 1980 (age 34)
    Mogbwemo, Bonthe District, Sierra Leone
    Author, UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador for Children Affected by War, Human Rights Activist, former child soldier
    Sierra Leonean
    Notable works
    A Long Way Gone: Memoirs of a Boy Soldier, Radiance of Tomorrow, a novel

    Ishmael Beah(born on 23 November 1980) is a Sierra Leonean author and human rights activist who rose to fame with his acclaimed memoir, A Long Way Gone: Memoirs of a Boy Soldier. His most recent novel, Radiance of Tomorrow, was published in January 2014.


    In 1991, the Sierra Leone Civil War started. Rebels invaded Beah's hometown, Mogbwemo, located in the Southern Province of Sierra Leone, and he was forced to flee. Separated from his family, he spent months wandering south with a group of other boys. At the age of 13, he was forced to become a child soldier. According to Beah's account, he fought for almost three years before being rescued by UNICEF. Beah fought for the government army against the rebels. In 1997, he fled Freetown by the help of the UNICEF due to the increasing violence and found his way to New York City, where he lived with Laura Simms, his foster mother. In New York City, Beah attended the United Nations International School. After high school, he enrolled at Oberlin College and graduated in 2004 with a degree in Political Science.

    During his time in the Sierra Leonean government army, Beah says he doesn't remember how many people he killed. He and other soldiers smoked marijuana and sniffed amphetamines and "brown-brown", a mix of cocaine and gunpowder. He blames the addictions and the brainwashing for his violence and cites them and the pressures of the army as reasons for his inability to escape on his own: "If you left, it was as good as being dead."

    During a 14 February 2007 appearance on The Daily Show with host Jon Stewart, Beah said that he believed that returning to civilized society was more difficult than the act of becoming a child soldier, saying that dehumanising children is a relatively easy task. Rescued in 1996 by a coalition of UNICEF and NGOs, he found the transition difficult. He and his fellow child soldiers fought frequently. He credits one volunteer, Nurse Esther, with having the patience and compassion required to bring him through the difficult period. She recognized his interest in American rap music and reggae since he was a kid, gave him a Walkman and a Run DMC cassette, and employed music as his bridge to his past, prior to the violence. Slowly, he accepted her assurances that "it's not your fault."

    Living in Freetown with an uncle, he went to school and was invited to speak in 1996 at the UN in New York. When Freetown was overrun by the joined forces of the rebels (RUF or Revolutionary United Front) and Army of Sierra Leone in 1997 (the Army of Sierra Leone was originally fighting against the RUF), he contacted Laura Simms, whom he had met the year before in New York, and made his way to the United States.

    "If I choose to feel guilty for what I have done, I will want to be dead myself," Beah said. "I live knowing that I have been given a second life, and I just try to have fun, and be happy and live it the best I can."

    In 2009, the 29-year-old traveled home to Sierra Leone with an ABC News camera, a return that he describes as bittersweet. Later in February 2013, he traveled to Calgary and spoke at the My World Conference.


    Ishmael Beah supports the "Children, Not Soldiers" campaign.
    Awards, recognition and works

    A Long Way Gonewas nominated for a Quill Award in the Best Debut Author category for 2007. Time magazine's Lev Grossman named it one of the Top 10 Nonfiction Books of 2007, ranking it at No. 3, and praising it as "painfully sharp", and its ability to take "readers behind the dead eyes of the child-soldier in a way no other writer has."

    With his new novel, Radiance of Tomorrow, Beah explores the life of a community including Benjamin and Bockarie, two friends who return to Bockarie's hometown, Imperi, after the civil war. The village is in ruins, the ground covered in bones. Radiance of Tomorrow is said to be 'written with the moral urgency of a parable and the searing precision of a firsthand account'. It earned positive reviews in the New York Times Book Review, the Washington Post, and the Boston Globe.


    The accuracy of some events and the chronology in A Long Way Gone have been called into question, particularly the claim that Beah became a child soldier in 1993, rather than in 1995. Beah has defended his account.

    Ishmael Beah’s message of hope for former child soldiers | UNICEF
    Published on Mar 8, 2015
    “To survive war requires intelligence and I want you to use that intelligence now for your future,” says Ishmael Beah in his message to children adjusting to civilian life after being released from armed groups in South Sudan. Beah, author and UNICEF’s Advocate for Children Affected by War, draws on his experiences as a child soldier in Sierra Leone.

    After the UNICEF-negotiated release of over 500 children in South Sudan in mid-January 2015, scores of children were seized by armed men from a village in the north of the country where they remain despite intensive efforts to locate and free them.



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                On this date, November 24, 1963, in the first live, televised murder, Lee Harvey Oswald, the alleged assassin of President John F. Kennedy, is murdered two days after the assassination, by Jack Ruby in the basement of Dallas police department headquarters. Please go to this previous blog postto see the videos.

    Ruby about to shoot Oswald who is being escorted by Dallas police detectives Jim Leavelle and L. C. Graves.

    McCoy was at home watching TV when she saw Ruby shoot Oswald in the basement of the Dallas Police Department. (PHOTO SOURCE:

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    From left to right: Adrian Lim, Tan Mui Choo and Hoe Kah Hong
    The Toa Payoh ritual murders took place in Singapore in 1981. On 25 January the body of a nine-year-old girl was found dumped next to the lift of a block of flats in the Toa Payoh district and, two weeks later, a ten-year-old boy was found dead nearby. The children had been killed, purportedly as blood sacrifices to the Hindu goddess Kali. The murders were masterminded by Adrian Lim, a self-styled medium, who had tricked scores of women into believing he had supernatural powers. His victims offered money and sexual services in exchange for cures, beauty, and good fortune. Two of the women became his loyal assistants; Tan Mui Choo married him, and Hoe Kah Hong became one of his "holy wives". When the police investigated a rape charge filed by one of Lim's targets, he became furious and decided to kill children to derail the investigations. On each occasion, Hoe lured a child to Lim's flat where he or she was drugged and killed by the trio. Lim also sexually assaulted the girl before her death. The trio were arrested after the police found a trail of blood that led to their flat. Although the case name suggested ritualistic murders, the defendants said they did not conduct prayers, burning of joss sticks, ringing of bells, or any other rituals during the killings.

    The 41-day trial was the second longest to have been held in the courts of Singapore at the time. None of the defendants denied their guilt. Their appointed counsels tried to spare their clients the death sentence by pleading diminished responsibility, arguing that the accused were mentally ill and could not be held entirely responsible for the killings. To support their case they brought in doctors and psychologists, who analysed the defendants and concluded that they had exhibited schizophrenia, and depressions of the psychotic and manic order. The prosecution's expert, however, refuted these testimonies and argued that they were in full control of their mental faculties when they planned and carried out the murders. The judges agreed with the prosecution's case and sentenced the trio to death. While on death row, the women appealed to the Privy Council in London and pleaded for clemency from the President of Singapore to no avail. Lim did not seek any pardons; instead, he accepted his fate and went smiling to the gallows. The three were hanged on 25 November 1988.

    The Toa Payoh ritual murders shocked the public in Singapore, who were surprised by such an act taking place in their society. Reports of the trio's deeds and the court proceedings were closely followed and remained prominent in the Singaporean consciousness for several years. Twice, movie companies tried to capitalise on the sensation generated by the murders by producing motion pictures based on the killings; however, critics panned both films for indulging in gratuitous sex and violence, and the movies performed poorly at the box office. The actions and behaviour of the three killers were studied by academics in the criminal psychology field, and the rulings set by the courts became local case studies for diminished responsibility.

    Whoever says Singapore is boring and antiseptic ignores our hard-to-surpass crime spine tinglers starring inimitable rogues such as ... the very incarnation of Evil — Adrian Lim ...
    - Sonny Yap, The Straits Times, 15 July 1995


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