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                I will post information about Harry Roberts the Cop Killer who was involved directly in the death of 3 British policemen: Detective Sergeant Chris Head, Temporary Detective Constable David Wombwell and PC Geoff Fox were gunned down in Braybrook Street, Shepherds Bush, London from Wikipedia and other links. I was not surprise that he would be released one day, that is why LWOP is not honest at all.


    Harry Roberts
     
    Killer: Harry Roberts, 78, has been released from prison, reportedly leaving Littlehey prison in Cambridgeshire on Monday 10 November 2014.



    Born
    21 July 1936 (age 79)
    Wanstead, Essex, England
    Other names
    Ronald Ernest Hall
    Occupation
    Carpenter
    Criminal penalty
    Life sentence with a recommended minimum term of 30 years
    Criminal status
    Released
    Parent(s)
    Harry Roberts
    Dorothy Roberts

    Conviction(s)
    Murder

    Harry Maurice Roberts (born 21 July 1936) is an English career criminal who in 1966 instigated the Shepherd's Bush murders, in which three police officers were shot dead. The killings happened after the plain-clothes officers approached the van in which Roberts and two other men were sitting in Braybrook Street, near Wormwood Scrubs prison in London. Roberts opened fire on the officers when he feared they would discover the firearms his gang were planning to use in an armed robbery. He shot dead two of the officers, while one of his accomplices fatally shot the third.

    After Roberts had spent nearly 48 years in jail, in 2014 the Parole Board for England and Wales approved his release, at the age of 78. Having exceeded by far his minimum term of 30 years imprisonment, Roberts was one of the United Kingdom's longest-serving prisoners, remaining in custody from 1966 until his 2014 release.

    Early life

    Roberts was born in Wanstead, Essex, on 21 July 1936 where his parents ran the George public house. As a child he became involved in crime by helping his mother sell stolen goods on the black market. Roberts later described how the family owned a café in north London where his mother was "...selling on mostly food—tea and sugar—and sometimes ration books. Anything she could get her hands on".

    In his late teens, he was sentenced to detention after using an iron bar to attack a shopkeeper during a robbery. Roberts served a 19-month sentence inside Gaynes Hallborstal, and was released in January 1956.

    One week after leaving the borstal, Roberts was called up for national service and joined the Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own), with whom he saw action during the Mau Mau Uprising and Malayan Emergency. Of his service in the jungle he said that this was where he learned to kill and that he had "personally killed at least four". Roberts has claimed that he reached the rank of Sergeant while in the Army although others have given his rank as Lance Corporal. Journalist and former armed robber John McVicar has said that Roberts "gloated" about his killings while in prison, and had "acquired a taste for killing prisoners [of war] on the orders of his officers" in the Army.

    After leaving the Army, Roberts returned to his criminal activities, and in partnership with Jack Witney carried out "dozens" of armed robberies, targeting bookmakers, post offices and banks. He said, "The most I earned was £1,000 from a single job. Witney was the eldest, the boss: he knew the best places to rob. [John] Duddy joined us later." In 1959 Roberts and an accomplice posed as tax inspectors to gain entry into the home of an elderly man. The man was bound, robbed, and beaten about the head with a glass decanter. Roberts was arrested, and at his trial the judge, Mr. Justice Maude, said, "You are a brutal thug. You came very near the rope this time. It is to be hoped you do not appear before us again." Roberts received a sentence of seven years, and the victim, who never recovered from his injuries, died one year and three days after the attack. Had the victim died two days earlier, Roberts could have been tried for his murder under the year and a day rule.

    Unarmed victims (from left): PC Geoffrey Fox, DC David Wombwell and DS Christopher Head were all shot dead
    Shepherd's Bush murders


    Following the shootings of 41-year-old Police Constable Geoffrey Fox, Detective Sergeant Christopher Head, aged 30, and 25-year-old Temporary Detective Constable David Wombwell, Roberts hid in Thorley Wood near Bishops Stortford to avoid capture. He was familiar with the area from visits there as a child. A £1,000 reward was offered for information leading to his arrest. Roberts used his military training to evade capture for ninety-six days, but was finally caught by police while sleeping rough in a barn at Blount's Farm near Bishop's Stortford.

    Trial and imprisonment

    Roberts was convicted of all three murders and sentenced to life imprisonment with a recommended minimum term of 30 years. The murders occurred just eight months after the Murder (Abolition of Death Penalty) Act 1965 suspended the death penalty in England, Wales and Scotland and substituted a mandatory sentence of life imprisonment. While in prison, Roberts made several attempts to escape.

    In 2001, he was moved to an open prison. However, Roberts was returned to a closed prison within months after allegations that he was involved in drug dealing and contraband smuggling. Author Kate Kray, who interviewed Roberts for her book Natural Born Killers (1999, ISBN 1857823826), said that he has no remorse for his victims and recreates the murders in art and pastry decorations, making apple pies and decorating them with pastry cut-outs of policemen being shot. Kray said that he also produces "precisely drawn and coloured" paintings depicting someone shooting a policeman.

    Harry Roberts (right), pictured in 2009 with a prison guard in Huntingdon in Cambridgeshire before his release
    Appeals

    In 2005 he failed in his appeal to the House of Lords over the use of secret evidence to keep him in jail. The evidence had been obtained by tapping private phone calls between Roberts and his solicitor. The material was then introduced as evidence at his parole hearings.

    In September 2006, 70-year-old Roberts applied for a judicial review over apparent delays by the parole board in reaching a decision to free him by the end of the year. In December 2006, he was again turned down for parole. On 29 June 2007, he was given leave to seek a High Court judicial review over his failed parole bid, with the judge saying his case "was of great public interest."

    It was reported in February 2009 that Harry Roberts hoped to be freed from prison within months, having already served 42 years in jail and completing the first stage of a parole board hearing; he believed this would pave the way for his release. Roberts hoped a final hearing would find that at the age of 72 he was no longer a risk to the public and that the parole board would order his immediate release. At this time he had already served 12 years more than the minimum term recommended by his trial judge who at the time of sentencing told Roberts that it was unlikely that any future Home Secretary would "ever think fit to show mercy by releasing you on licence... This is one of those cases in which the sentence of imprisonment for 'life' may well be treated as meaning exactly what it says." It was recognised that government ministers were concerned that any decision on the matter would provoke public fury and that Roberts' personal safety might be put at risk, but the parole board would nonetheless be powerless to halt the release.

    Supporters of Roberts had previously claimed that successive Home Secretaries have blocked his release for political reasons because of fears of a public backlash. However Peter Smyth, chairman of the Metropolitan Police Federation, said that there would be widespread anger among serving and former officers. Legal sources said they believed that the parole board was likely to recommend that he was eligible for an open prison as a way of preparing him for his eventual release. Jack Straw, the former Justice Secretary, retained the power to reject a parole board recommendation that Roberts be moved to an open prison. However, he could not block a decision by the board to order his release.

    In April 2009 it was alleged that while working at an animal sanctuary on day release, Roberts made violent threats to the owners.

    In July 2009, the parole board determined that Roberts still posed a public risk and should continue to serve time at Littlehey prison in Cambridgeshire where he worked in the library. The decision followed newspaper reports that Roberts had orchestrated a five-year campaign of intimidation against an elderly woman who complained about his behaviour when he worked at the same animal sanctuary she did while he was on day release.

    In October 2014 the Parole Board for England and Wales approved his release at an unspecified later date. Roberts was released on 11 November 2014 after serving 48 years in prison (from 15 November 1966).

    Cultural impact

    Roberts' name has been used for many years to antagonise the police, with chants like "Harry Roberts is our friend, is our friend, is our friend. Harry Roberts is our friend, he kills coppers. Let him out to kill some more, kill some more, kill some more, let him out to kill some more, Harry Roberts" as well as "He shot three down in Shepherd's Bush, Shepherd's Bush, Shepherd's Bush. He shot three down in Shepherd's Bush, our mate Harry" (to the tune of "London Bridge Is Falling Down"), which originated with groups of young people outside Shepherd's Bush police station after Roberts had been arrested.

    There have been artistic representations of Roberts. The character of Billy Porter in the 2001 novel He Kills Coppers by Jake Arnott, and the 2008 TV adaptation, is based on Harry Roberts.


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                I will post information about this Russian pistol, APS from Wikipedia.

    Stechkin APS, Russian Machine pistol

    APS
     
    9mm Stechkin APS pistol


    Type
    Pistol, Machine Pistol
    Place of origin
    Soviet Union
    Service history
    In service
    1951-present
    Used by
    See Users
    Wars
    Production history
    Designer
    Igor Stechkin
    Designed
    1948
    Manufacturer
    Tula Arsenal
    Produced
    1951–1975
    Variants
    APB silent variant
    Specifications
    Weight
    1.22 kg (2.69 lbs)
    Length
    225 mm (8.86 in)
    Barrel length
    140 mm (5.51 in)

    Cartridge
    9×18mm Makarov, 9×19mm Parabellum.
    Action
    blowback
    Rate of fire
    750 rounds/minute
    Muzzle velocity
    340 m/s (9×18mm Makarov)
    Effective firing range
    50 m (9×18mm Makarov)
    Maximum firing range
    200 m
    Feed system
    20-round detachable box magazine

    The Stechkin automatic pistol or APS (Avtomaticheskiy Pistolet Stechkina, Russian: Автоматический Пистолет Стечкина) is a Russian selective firemachine pistol. It bears the name of its developer, Igor Stechkin.

    Stechkin APS pistol
    Adoption and service

    The Stechkin automatic pistol was originally chambered for 7.62×25mm Tokarev. Stechkin changed the pistol to the 9 mm caliber used in the new Makarov pistol (PM), as it became clear that this cartridge was set to become the new service ammunition for handguns of the Soviet Army. In 1951, both the Makarov and Stechkin were introduced into the Soviet military arsenal, replacing the aging Tokarev pistol (TT-33).

    In contrast to the Makarov, the Stechkin has an automatic fire mode, which is selected using the safety lever. In burst or automatic fire, the pistol should be fitted with the wooden or metal shoulder stock; otherwise, the weapon becomes difficult to control.

    The detachable stock is similar in appearance and design to that of the Mauser C96, and likewise, the pistol can be stored inside when not in use. The extra support of the stock against the shoulder helps to control the recoil.

    The Stechkin was intended as a sidearm for artillery soldiers, tank crews and aircraft personnel. As a pistol, it is rather heavy, and combined with the shoulder stock (which was rarely ever used attached), it is quite bulky. This led to the APS being gradually phased out of active service, although it is still used mostly by special forces and also held in reserve. The Stechkin APS was eventually at least officially replaced by the AKS-74U compact assault rifle with folding stock, offering more firepower due to its much more powerful 5.45×39mm M74 rifle ammunition, acceptable accuracy at moderate distances, and greater magazine capacity.

    A contemporary derivative of the Stechkin, the OTS-33 Pernach, is also chambered for the 9×18mm Makarov cartridge.

    Stechkin APS pistol
    APB silent variant

    The APB (Avtomaticheskij Pistolet Besshumnyj, meaning automatic silenced pistol) version was a version of the APS optimized for silent operations. Developed in the early 1970s by A.S. Neugodov (А.С. Неугодов) under the factory name AO-44, it was officially adopted in 1972 under the service name APB and given GRAU index 6P13. Muzzle velocity reportedly dropped to 290 m/s in this variant. Instead of the holster-stock of the APS, the APB comes with a detachable stock made of steel wire. Its barrel is longer than that of the APS; it protrudes from the slide and is threaded for the attachment of a sound suppressor. The barrel itself is also wrapped around by an integrated expansion chamber, in which gasses escape from holes in the barrel. When not in use, the detachable sound suppressor can be clipped to the stock.

    During the Soviet war in Afghanistan, the APB was used by Soviet Spetsnaz team leaders as an extra weapon; they usually carried on a sling with the suppressor and stock mounted. It was also employed by radio operators and even by some heavy gun crews.

    In the more recent past, other special forces units of the MVDsuch as the OMON and the SOBRhave also been equipped with this pistol.

    Users

    Pro-Russian separatist commander Igor Girkin with his Stechkin APS Pistol.

    Igor ‘Strelkov’ Girkin pictured with his holstered APS pistol, July 2014.
    Photo credit: ‘@93Krivtsov’



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    I will post two interviews with Igor Girkin: First, from another blogger and second, a video link. 



     

    Caricature of Igor Strelkov

    Igor Strelkov’s Interview with Kolokol Rossii


    Original: Novoros News

    Translated by Linda Kadd / Edited by Tiago de Carvalho


    Pro-Russian separatist commander Igor Girkin with his Stechkin APS Pistol.
    Igor Ivanovich presented his vision about how to solve the problem of Transnistria, Novorossiya and Ukraine, his attitude towards the Kremlin camarilla and towards Putin personally, as well as Putin’s role in the history of Russia.

    Kolokol Rossii (KR): Igor Ivanovich, first of all, we would like to know your position on Transnistria. It is currently the most urgent topic. Is it possible to draw Russia into a conflict with Moldova and Ukraine? Is the Ossetian scenario, for example, a possibility?

    Igor Strelkov (Strelkov): I have already spoken about it. This is yet another attempt to provoke Russia into direct participation in military hostilities, but to provoke in such a way that our country plays the game according to a scenario imposed by the enemy. I have no doubt that sooner or later the enemy will succeed in dragging us into a war and the try to force us to capitulate on the foreign policy front. But there is no chance of our President capitulating—I simply do not believe it. The only question is: where could this conflict take place? Transnistria is, for this purpose, an ideal springboard. Let’s be frank—this area is surrounded on all sides by countries hostile to Russia: Ukraine and Moldova. The fact that these countries are hostile to us is, by the way, an ‘outstanding’ achievement of our diplomacy and foreign policy. These ‘achievements’ include the fact that an absolutely pro-Russian Transnistria where (according to various estimates), 150-200 thousand Russian citizens reside, is in a full blockade.

    There is no land connection with Transnistria, and the two countries that border this “last fragment of the Soviet Union” are interested in the absence of Russian troops there, as well as the non-existence of Transnistria itself. Accordingly, Russia will have to act asymmetrically if she wants to protect her ally. We either will have to get involved in an aerial war, which would be extremely disadvantageous, considering that the enemy will have the significant advantage of using ground-based anti-aircraft defences, or to attempt to punch a land corridor through to Transnistria. The latter scenario would immediately be labeled as Russian aggression against the independent states of Ukraine and Moldova. Everything that is happening in Transnistria is the consequence of the indecisiveness, and, I would also say, sabotage by certain individuals in the Russian leadership who were tasked with dealing with the Ukrainian problem a year ago. At that time, a single regiment or a brigade could have paved this land corridor and accomplished what was done in Crimea (albeit only in the territory from Kharkov to Odessa). But, a year later, we now find ourselves at an impasse. Ukraine is definitily preparing for a war, and it is obvious that it intends to attack Transnistria. Anti-aircraft defenses are being built up and and troops—readied.

    KR: And how will such a move be legally formulated by Ukraine, since Transnistria is officially part of Moldova?

    Strelkov: Of course, all this will done by agreement with Moldova. Whenever I want to understand the actions of an enemy, I ask myself how I would have acted in their stead. This is what I would have done: Organized a few provocations on the border between Ukraine and Transnistria, and then, under this pretext, Moldova would have issued an ultimatum and demanded that Russia withdraw its peacekeepers.

    KR: And if Russia does not remove the troops? What then?

    Strelkov: Yet another ultimatum—up to and including asking Romania for military aid, and so forth. It all depends on their understanding of how far Russia is willing to go. If they feel that Russia is not ready to defend Transnistria with military force, they will crush it straight away.

    KR: And, for now, do they believe that Russia is not ready?

    Strelkov: They are trying to move forward in small steps. How did they act in Slavyansk? First, they fired a series of weapons. Has Russia swallowed this affront? Aha! Let us then use bigger mortars! Again, Russia said nothing. Let’s try artillery. Again, Russia is silent. Let’s try using chemical weapons. And use them they did—white phosphorus incendiary shells! After that, they started shamelessly shelling the city with heavy artillery. They understood that Moscow is not prepared to give a real rebuff, and brazenly went ahead. In Transnistria, we are seeing evidence of the same approach. In one of my statements, I already gave the example of the frog that is slowly cooked over low heat. It does not realize until the end that it is being cooked alive, it adapts at each stage until, finally, all of a sudden it’s done for! The work to set up these provocations is now being done by Saakashvili—a man who has absolutely zero regard for the welfare of Ukraine, Odessa, and Russia.

    KR: Do you think that his appointment was specifically in relation to Transnistria?

    Strelkov: I think that it is no coincidence! Somehow, he was appointed not in Dnepropetrovsk, but in Odessa. It is no accident that the Odessa region borders with Transnistria.

    KR: What is the purpose of these actions? To take Transnistria from Russia? To exact vengeance?


    Strelkov: They have absolutely no interest in Transnistria itself! It is only a small detail in a bigger geopolitical setup. The primary goal is to force Putin to capitulate. To make him completely lose his credibility and authority. Just like in the old legend, he was brought to a crossroads: one road leads to war; the other—to surrender. What’s more, the road to capitulation also splits—again into war and surrender. This is entire system! If Russia had entered a direct conflict with Ukraine a year ago, then the country and the President himself would have faced an huge number of economic and political negatives, but there would have been enormous positives too—from Kharkov to Odessa! Russia could have regained millions of Russian people, as well as enormous economically developed territories… And now, more than a year later, these advantages are already nonexistent. Now the number of minuses has exceeded all positive aspects. The more we try to negotiate with those, who are in principle against seeing eye to eye, the less our chances to accomplish anything in the near future.

    The enemy is constantly getting stronger, it sees our indecisiveness. In the capitalist world—in the world of real predators—everything is simple: If you do not fight back, everyone gangs up against you, from the polar bear to the puny cockroach, and each of them expects to get a piece of the bounty. At this point in time, even Moldova feels that Russia is no bear and is trying to take a bite out of her. The insolence of the Poles, the impudence of the Baltic States will only grow—in step with our own movement backwards and attempts to negotiate.

    As it stands now, even if we try to secure the inviolability of Transnistria through diplomatic means, for example by declaring that we are going to fight for it, then, once again, we will end up in a trap. Remember the ‘marvelous’ “Kozak’s plan”, whereby we promised to respect the territorial integrity of Moldova? Similarly, we now recognise the territorial integrity of Ukraine in the Donbass. Wonderful! We no longer have any legal basis to intervene [in Transnistria], except in line with the old agreement with Moldova. If, tomorrow, the Moldovan Parliament decides to denounce this agreement, then we will have no response—legally we would be forced to withdraw our troops.

    KR: But Transnistria considers itself an independent republic…

    Strelkov: That’s what it claims, but no one has recognised it as such. Transnistria has been an independent republic for a long time (since 1992), and, unlike the DPR and the LPR, it never engaged in any negotiations with Chisinau about becoming part of Moldova with some sort of special rights. However, Russia continues to consider Transnistria to be part of Moldova.

    KR: But, if the agreement is denounced by the Moldovan Parliament, then Russia could, in response, recognise the independence of Transnistria—after all, that’s what we did with South Ossetia. Is something like this even possible? And how would this affect the situation?

    Strelkov: A recognition is possible. However if the agreement is denounced, and we recognise Transnistria as an independent state, then we would have to fight for it!

    KR: Yes, just like in South Ossetia…

    Strelkov: The only difference is that, in Transnistria, we have nothing like the Roksky tunnel that would connect Russia with this territory. We have only an air corridor, which we we are impeded from using. Therefore, as I said, there are two solutions for Russia: either to fight or capitulate.

    KR: And in this case, could an order be given to the Army of Novorossiya to go on the offensive?

    Strelkov: The Army of Novorossiya is three times smaller, in numerical terms, than its opponent. Do you think that such an attack has a chance of victory?

    KR: There are reports that two combat-ready corps have been formed.

    Strelkov: If, right now, I take a piece of paper and draw up an order to form two combat-ready corps, this, alone, will not yield two combat-ready corps. Yes, last Fall, the combat-readiness of the Army of Novorossiya surpasses that of the Ukrainian Army, but this is no longer the case. The waiting, the negotiations—came up with “Minsk-1” and “Minsk-2″—have exacted their toll… Ukraine, on the other hand, did not waste any time. Moreover, Ukraine’s resources, even in terms of manpower, many exceed the resources of the Donbass—the enemy has simply has more people. Even if every resident of Donetsk and Lugansk had a tank, the population would still not turn into a tank corps. For a military person, this is crystal clear.

    KR: Will there be a Minsk-3, but now in relation to Transnistria, after provocations take place there? In order to ensure that the toad is slowly boiled—to again hypnotize Russia?

    Strelkov: Ukraine is obsessed with war. Like a drug addict, who is addicted to hard drugs, Ukraine cannot stop fighting. It’s a never-ending circle over there: prepare, assail Russia, get rebuffed, then again get ready for another confrontation. Ukraine cannot exist in peace because all of its resources are directed to war. A victory in this war is the only miniscule chance that Ukraine has of surviving. They cannot freeze the situation. They are doomed to keep fighting because freezing this situation would automatically lead to the Kiev Junta’s downfall. For one simple reason: as soon as there is no doping—in the form of an external enemy in Russia—then uncomfortable questions will immediately begin: Why is everything so bad after the “revolution of dignity”? Only a victory, a complete and total one, would ensure the survival of Ukraine as a state, or rather as a pseudo-state. So they will fight, regardless of the number of Minsk agreements that come to pass.

    And here I’ve been wondering: Is Vladislav Surkov (President’s Aide in relation to the Commonwealth of Independent States—Ed.) a complete idiot? Very unlikely! He is a smart and talented person. So, what are we to make of him? He could only be a saboteur! It means that he designed the country’s policies in such a way that they could never lead to success! He formulates the state policy, and, time after time, restarts it: Minsk-1 failed, so he launched Minsk-2, and if the second Minsk fails—he will launch the third! Meanwhile, external circumstances for Russia deteriorate with each such restart. And I am a hundred percent certain that he is well aware that all of this is doomed to failure. It’s simply that this failure is in his interests. It’s profitable for him or for his boss. And who is his boss?

    KR: Who???

    Strelkov: How did he end up in the Presidential Administration? Let’s recall—he came from the Alfa Group. What is this Alfa Group? It’s Friedman—it is with his help that foreign capital came to Russia during the vaucher privatization period. Even now, Surkov and Friedman are on excellent terms. The question proposes itself: Who do you work for, Vladislav Yuryevich? For the President, or, perhaps, for someone else? The answer, I think, is self-evidence. And it is not for the President.


    Igor ‘Strelkov’ Girkin pictured with his holstered APS pistol, July 2014.
    Photo credit: ‘@93Krivtsov’
    [eng subs] Igor Strelkov interview: about US purposes in this war and Ukrainian people
    Published on Mar 6, 2015
    [eng subs] Igor Strelkov interview: about Ukrainians, how US uses them and purposes of the US in this war.

    Interview published on 06/03/15


       



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  • 08/13/15--23:43: BRIMOB: MOBILE BRIGADE


  •             I will post information about the Mobile Brigade in Indonesia, AKA Brimob from Wikipedia.

    Brimob Logo
     
    Brigade Mobil Special Operations Force
    Active
    1945 - Special Police Force (Pasukan Polisi Istimewa)
    August 14, 1946 - Mobile Brigade
    August 14, 1961 - Brigade Mobil
    Country
    Branch
    Type
    Role
    Size
    ?
    Garrison/HQ
    POLRI HQ, Jakarta
    Motto
    Jiwa Ragaku Demi Kemanusiaan (My Soul for the Sake of Humanity)
    Colors
    Dark Blue berets
    Mascot
    Lotus Flower (Bunga Teratai)
    Engagements
    World War II Indonesia National Revolution
    East Timor
    Malaysia-Indonesia Confrontation
    West Papua Confrontation
    Aceh Conflict
    Poso Conflict
    Commanders
    Current
    commander
    Notable
    commanders
    Police General Anton Soedjarwo
    Brigade Mobil(English: Mobile Brigade) is one of the oldest Indonesian National Police special operations force units.

    History

    Formed in late 1945, a special corps namely 'Pasukan Polisi Istimewa' (Special Police Corps) with assigned the task of disarming remnants of the Japanese Imperial Army and protecting the chief of state and the capital city. Under the Japanese, it was called Tokubetsu Keisatsutai(特別警察隊). It fought in the revolution and was the first military unit to engage in the Battle of Surabaya under the command of Inspektur Polisi I Moehammad Jasin.

    On 14 November 1946, Prime Minister Sutan Sjahrir reorganised the Polisi Istimewa into the Mobile Brigade (Mobrig), and this day is celebrated as the anniversary of this Blue Beret Corps. This Corps was reconstituted to suppress Military and Police conflicts and even Coup d'État.

    On 1 December 1947 Mobrig was militarized and Mobrig was deployed in various conflicts and confrontations like the PKI Rebellion in Madiun, DI Rebellion (1947), APRA Rebellion and RMS Proclamation (1950), PRRI People Rebellion (1953), and Permesta (1958).

    Since 14 November 1961, the Mobrig changed name into Korps Brigade Mobil (Brimob), and its troops took part in the military confrontation with Malaysia in the early 1960s and in the conflict in East Timor in the mid-1970s. After that, Brimob was placed under the command of the Police (Polri)

    In 1981,the Mobile Brigade spawned a new unit called the Jihandak (Penjinak Bahan Peledak), an Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) Unit.

    Organisations

    In 1992 the Mobile Brigade was essentially a paramilitary organization trained and organized along military line. It had a strength of about 12,000. The brigade was used primarily as an elite unit for emergencies and supporting police operations as a rapid response unit.

    The unit was deployed in domestic security and defense operations and to perform these tasks the unit is equipped with special riot-control equipment. They are trained to deal with mass demonstrations. Since the May 1998 upheaval, PHH (Pasukan Anti Huru-Hara, Anti Riot Unit) have received special anti-riot training. Elements of the unit are cross trained for airborne and SAR operations.

    Branches

    GEGANA

    Gegana is the Indonesian Police special response unit. This unit was formed in 1976 as a detachment. At first, it meant to deal with airplane hijacking. Later in 1995, with the expansion of Brimob, the Gegana Detachment was expanded to become 2nd Regiment BRIMOB. Its duties are anti-terrorism, dealing with armed criminals, close protection, search and rescue (SAR), and explosive disposal operations in urban settings. In general, each Gegana member is capable of performing these duties. However, there are a select few specialists who are very skilled in these specialities.

    Gegana does not have Battalion or Company. The Regiment is broken down into several detachments. Within each detachment they are split into sub-detachments (sub-den), and within each sub-den they are further sub-divided into several units. Each unit usually consists of 10 personnel. One sub-den consists of 40 personnel, and one detachment consists of about 280 personnel.

    One operation is usually assigned to one unit. Therefore, from the 10 people in that unit, six are required to have special skills: two for EOD (Explosives and Ordnance Disposal), two for SAR operations, and two for counter-terrorist operations. In any operation, two experts are designated Operators One and Two while the rest of the unit members become the Support Team.

    For example, in counter-terrorist operations, the designated Operators must have sharp-shooting skills, ability to negotiate, and be an expert in storm-and-arrest procedures. These skills and operations are not meant to be lethal because the main goal of every Gegana operation is to arrest suspects and bring them to the court. Unless there is a situation that Gegana has to do otherwise, there will be no shooting.

    In SAR operation, the personnel are required to have the basic capabilities of diving, rappelling, shooting, and first aid. In anti-bomb operation, the Operators have to be the expert in their respective fields. Each Gegana personnel has been introduced to various types of bombs in general, including the risks of handling them. There are specific procedures for handling each bomb, including the required timing.

    Currently, Gegana has three Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) tactical vehicles. This number is far from sufficient because ideally each Gegana unit is supposed to have one. Other than three EOD vehicles at Gegana offices, there is one EOD vehicle in West Java Police Department (PD), Central Java PD, and East Java PD. So, overall there is only six EOD units available in Indonesia.

    The Indonesian Police Chief has the highest command in each Gegana operation, executed by his Operation Assistant.

    Detachment 88

    Detachment 88is the elite counter-terrorist unit of the Brimob.

    Detachment 88


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  • 08/13/15--23:44: THE BRIMOB FIRING SQUAD


  •                 I will post information about how the Firing Squadis used in Indonesia by Brimob from two posts of the Daily Mail and also by uploading 3 videos.


    The Firing Squad in Indonesia.

    Dressed in white, tied to a pillar and a maximum of three minutes to 'calm down' before being shot through the heart: The sick video watched by millions of Indonesians describing how Aussies will die

    • Indonesian TV has shown mock-up of execution faced by two Australians
    • Chilling film shows firing squad's target practice and black-hooded convict
    • The video was made before executions on 'Death Island' last month 
    • Revealed: The 27 rules for the firing squad
    • Rules include 'a pistol shot to the temple' if convict survives initial shots 
    • Coffins have arrived at church near the execution site 

    |

    Millions of Indonesians have watched on television exactly how Australians Myuran Sukumaran and Andrew Chan will be executed on 'Death Island'.

    Chilling video has emerged of the mobile paramilitary brigade called Brimob in firing practice ahead of the last round of executions on Nusa Kambangan, where Chan and Sukumaran are due to be shifted 72 hours ahead of their deaths by firing squad.

    This comes as coffins arrived at a Christian Church in Cilacap, the nearest port to Nusa Kambangan, where a local Indonesian caretaker was pictured preparing four caskets in preparation for the executions.


    Hooded figure: Indonesia's Channel 1 recreated the method of execution by firing squad which was used to kill six foreigners on Nusa Kambangan last month using the hooded figure (pictured) to represent the prisoner. It is the same method that will be used on Australians Andrew Chan and Myuran Sukumaran

    The chilling video of the Indonesian firing squad in target practice to gain deadly accuracy for ex
    Published on Feb 18, 2015
    As Bali 9 duo await possible execution Indonesians have already watched what will happen on TV. Chilling footage of the firing squad in target practice shows a hooded figure on a stark TV stage
    The chilling video of the Indonesian firing squad in target practice to gain deadly accuracy for execution on Death Island ... and the graphic recreation with a hooded 'convict' Indonesians are watching on TV



     

    Target practice: These members of the Brimob paramilitary group practice firing at targets ahead of last months execution on 'Death Island'. The same group will carry out the executions of Chan and Sukumaran.

    Bali Police Chief A.J. Benny Mokalu on Wednesday confirmed the procedures that will lead to the executions.

    The condemned Australian pair would be taken from Bali's Kerobokan prison to Ngurah Rai airport during the night and flown 900 kilometres west to Cilacap, in central Java, then transferred by boat to Nusa Kambangan.

    Exactly when this will take place is still unknown. Indonesian officials have repeatedly rejected appeals from the condemned men's lawyers and the Australian government to stay the executions of Chan and Sukumaran, who were convicted on heroin trafficking charges in 2006. 

    The footage of the execution practice round was aired on television on January 17 to demonstrate to Indonesian viewers just what would take place when five foreign drug traffickers were executed the following day. 

    Those executions, of nationals from Brazill, the Netherlands, Malawi, Vietnam and one Indonesian, were the first since President Joko Widodo came to power last October.
    A tough stance on drug criminals was part of his campaign, and he has been uncompromising about using the death penalty despite pleas from foreign governments and rights activists.

    The video shows the Brimob executioners dressed in military fatigues with semi-automatic rifles aiming loud volleys of fire repeatedly at bullseye targets.

    Even more horrifying is the spooky step-by-step recreation by Channel 1 Indonesia of the execution, using a white figure with its arms tied behind the back and a black hood over its head to represent the condemned man.



    Death men: This eerie recreation of how the firing squad, which Channel 1 Indonesia represented with nine scary looking robotic figures, lines up to carry out the execution 
    In the recreation, the firing squad is represented by a row of toy or robotic looking figures. The television report also lists a 27 point manifesto about how the execution will proceed, including the execution 'commander' raising a sword 'as a symbol for the firing squad to aim at the heart of the convict'.

    Points 24 and 25 give specific instructions for doctors to check the condition of the convict immediately after the shooting, 'and if the doctor thinks that the convict is still showing signs of life ... the firing squad commander must put a pistol to the temple just above the ear of the convict' and finish the job.

    Some of the last words the men being executed will hear are 'laksanakan, laksanakan' - meaning 'execute, execute' in Indonesian - shouted by the firing squad commander before three live rounds and nine blanks are loaded into the twelve rifles of the firing squad shooters.

    Part of the process includes clergy attending to 'give offenders a last chance to calm down for a maximum of three minutes' before they are shot. 


    Indonesian TV explains the execution process

    Published on Feb 18, 2015

    On Indonesian television, footage has aired showing the execution process in a studio mockup.


     



    Brimob's snipers reload their rifles before continuing their target practice in a loud volley of fire
     
    The shooters accurately aimed at the bullseye targets on the firing range in Java, Indonesia

    The strikers or snipers put on a display for Indonesia's TV 1 station, which was broadcast to millions of Indonesian viewers the day before last month;s round of executions

    The 27 rules for execution by firing squad in Indonesia

    1. Convict is given clean, simple, and white clothing before being taken to a place or location of the implementation of the death penalty

    2. When brought to the place or location of the implementation of the death penalty, the convict can be accompanied by a member of the clergy

    3. The support team is ready at the appointed place two (2) hours before the time of execution of the death penalty

    4. Team shooters have been gathered in preparation at the location of the implementation of the death penalty, one (1) hour prior

    5. Team shooter sets the position and puts the 12 (twelve) rifles in front of the pole position of the implementation of the death penalty at a distance of five (5) meters up to ten (10) feet and back to the prep area 

    6. Execution commander reports his team's readiness to prosecutors executor by saying 'report execution of the death penalty is ready'

    7. Execution attorney conducts a final check of death row and the weapons used for the implementation of the death penalty

    8. After the inspection is completed, the prosecutor orders the executing commander calls out 'execute' and then repeats the utterance 'execute'

    9. The execution commander orders the firing squad commander to fill and lock arms ammunition into twelve (12) rifles with three (3) rounds of live ammunition and nine (9) roundsof blanks 

    10. The prosecutor orders the commander of the execution squad to bring the convicted man to a position shooting and release his handcuffs and tie his hands and feet to a pillar in a standing, sitting, or kneeling position, unless otherwise specified by the prosecutor


    11. The offender is given a last chance to calm down a maximum of 3 (three) minutes, accompanied by a clergy member

    12. The commander team places a black cloth over the eyes of the covnicted man, unless the convict refuses

    13. Doctors place a black mark on the convict's clothes right over the heart as the place to shoot at. Then the doctor withdraws

    14. The commander reports to the execution prosecutor that the convicted person is ready to receive the death penalty

    15. The execution prosecutor gives the sign/gesture to the commander to begin immediately implementing the shooting of the convict

    16. Commander provides a sign / gesture to the firing squad commander to bring the firing squad to the front position

    17. Execution commander takes his place in front of the right side facing of the firing squad 

    18.The execution commander ensures the firing squad is ready to fire 

    19. The implementing commander draws a sword as a symbol for the firing squad to aim towards the heart of the convict

    20. The executing commander brandishes the sword forward as a cue to the firing squad to unlock weapons

    21. The executing commander brings down the sword as a gesture to tell the firing squad to perform simultaneous shooting

    22. After shooting is finished the executing commander sheaths his sword as a cue to the firing squad to stand their weapons

    23.The executing commander and doctors check the condition of the convicted person and if the doctor thinks that the convict is still showing signs of life, the prosecutor makes an order to the shooting commander

    24. The executing commander and doctors check the condition of the convicted person and if the convict is still breathing orders that a pistol be put to his temple just above the ear for a final shot

    25. Shooting can be repeated, if according to a doctor's certificate is still signs of life

    26. Execution of the death penalty is declared finished, if the doctor has stated that there are no more signs of life on the convict

    27. Completion of the firing squad and the shooting commander orders its members to remove the magazine and empty their weapons

    The snipers fired repeatedly at targets in January before they executed five foreign drug traffickers. Indonesia has a precise 27 point manifesto for how the executions are carried out

    They're known as the 'Brimob', get paid $100 to carry out executions and will never know if they fired a fatal shot: The black-suited firing squad on Death Island tasked with ending the lives of Bali Nine duo

    • Each death-row prisoner will have 12 shooters at midnight Indonesian time
    • Only three shooters have bullets but it is not known which guns are loaded
    • No one will ever know who was responsible for the killing, including shooters
    • The execution team are normal policeman who are only paid an extra $100 
    |

    A firing squad of 108 officers have made the journey by boat to Nirbya, known as ‘Death Valley’, with less than an hour remaining before the prisoners on death row are expected to be killed. 

    The individuals set to be killed, including Australians Andrew Chan and Myuran Sukumaran, are understood to be scheduled to be killed at midnight Indonesian time. 

    An huge number of people are involved in the grisly task of executing each individual. 

    They are not full time executioners but rather police officers who must undertake the task on top of their regular duties.

    A member of Indonesia's firing squad earlier told News Corp that taking a prisoner's life was something he would never forget. 


    Indonesian mobile brigade police team who also are understood to be the execution team for the death-row prisoners travel to Nusakambangan Prison Island for the execution

    WHO WILL BE EXECUTED

    • Australians Myuran Sukumaran and Andrew Chan
    • Filipina Mary Jane Fiesta Veloso 
    • Ghanaian Martin Anderson
    • Indonesian Zainal Abidin bin Mgs Mahmud Badarudin
    • Nigerians Raheem Agbaje Salami, Sylvester Obiekwe Nwolise and Okwudili Oyatanze
    • Brazilian Rodrigo Gularte 
    'As Brimob [Indonesia's answer to Australia's special forces], I have to do my job and I don't have any choice,' he told News Corp. 

    'But as a human, I will never forget this for the rest of my life.' 

    Five Indonesian police officers arrive at the cell in the middle of the night to escort the criminal on their final journey.

    They travel from the isolation cells in the middle to the clearing where they will be killed.

    The prisoners are dressed in white, have their hands tied with rope and are given the option whether they will wear blindfolds or face the executioners.

    Myuran Sukumaran has already made the decision to look the shooters in the eye as his final act of defiance.

    The nine condemned prisoners will have 12 ‘shooters’ each – known as ‘privates’.

    The shooters tasked with the horrific job of killing are paid are only paid an extra $100 on top of their regular salary.

    Only three of the shooters have bullets and will shoot live rounds.

    The nine remaining gunmen will shoot blanks.

    The officers will never know who fired the fatal shot.

    The 12 shooters will stand five to ten metres away from the condemned and aim for a target or a cross over the subject’s heart.

    A torch is shone on the small circle, cutting through the blackness of the dead of night.

    Using a sword for the signal, the commander will order ‘ready’ by swinging his sword up, ordering the team to aim at the convict’s heart.

    By swinging his sword down quickly, the order is given to shoot.

    Some of the last words the men being executed will hear are 'laksanakan, laksanakan' - meaning 'execute, execute' in Indonesian - shouted by the firing squad commander before three live rounds and nine blanks are loaded into the twelve rifles of the firing squad shooters. 

    If the convicted isn’t yet dead following the shooting, the non-commissioned officer is ordered to use his pistol and shoot the prisoner in their head, just above the ear.

    A doctor will confirm the death and a report will be prepared on the execution. 


    The 27 rules for execution by firing squad in Indonesia

    1. Convict is given clean, simple, and white clothing before being taken to a place or location of the implementation of the death penalty

    2. When brought to the place or location of the implementation of the death penalty, the convict can be accompanied by a member of the clergy

    3. The support team is ready at the appointed place two (2) hours before the time of execution of the death penalty

    4. Team shooters have been gathered in preparation at the location of the implementation of the death penalty, one (1) hour prior

    5. Team shooter sets the position and puts the 12 (twelve) rifles in front of the pole position of the implementation of the death penalty at a distance of five (5) meters up to ten (10) feet and back to the prep area 

    6. Execution commander reports his team's readiness to prosecutors executor by saying 'report execution of the death penalty is ready'

    7. Execution attorney conducts a final check of death row and the weapons used for the implementation of the death penalty

    8. After the inspection is completed, the prosecutor orders the executing commander calls out 'execute' and then repeats the utterance 'execute'

    9. The execution commander orders the firing squad commander to fill and lock arms ammunition into twelve (12) rifles with three (3) rounds of live ammunition and nine (9) roundsof blanks 

    10. The prosecutor orders the commander of the execution squad to bring the convicted man to a position shooting and release his handcuffs and tie his hands and feet to a pillar in a standing, sitting, or kneeling position, unless otherwise specified by the prosecutor


    11. The offender is given a last chance to calm down a maximum of 3 (three) minutes, accompanied by a clergy member

    12. The commander team places a black cloth over the eyes of the covnicted man, unless the convict refuses

    13. Doctors place a black mark on the convict's clothes right over the heart as the place to shoot at. Then the doctor withdraws

    14. The commander reports to the execution prosecutor that the convicted person is ready to receive the death penalty

    15. The execution prosecutor gives the sign/gesture to the commander to begin immediately implementing the shooting of the convict

    16. Commander provides a sign / gesture to the firing squad commander to bring the firing squad to the front position

    17. Execution commander takes his place in front of the right side facing of the firing squad 

    18.The execution commander ensures the firing squad is ready to fire 

    19. The implementing commander draws a sword as a symbol for the firing squad to aim towards the heart of the convict

    20. The executing commander brandishes the sword forward as a cue to the firing squad to unlock weapons

    21. The executing commander brings down the sword as a gesture to tell the firing squad to perform simultaneous shooting

    22. After shooting is finished the executing commander sheaths his sword as a cue to the firing squad to stand their weapons

    23.The executing commander and doctors check the condition of the convicted person and if the doctor thinks that the convict is still showing signs of life, the prosecutor makes an order to the shooting commander

    24. The executing commander and doctors check the condition of the convicted person and if the convict is still breathing orders that a pistol be put to his temple just above the ear for a final shot

    25. Shooting can be repeated, if according to a doctor's certificate is still signs of life

    26. Execution of the death penalty is declared finished, if the doctor has stated that there are no more signs of life on the convict

    27. Completion of the firing squad and the shooting commander orders its members to remove the magazine and empty their weapons




    Eksekusi Mati di Indonesia 18 Januari 2015
    Published on Jan 17, 2015
    Enam terpidana mati kasus narkoba dieksekusi Minggu (18/1) dini hari. Tim eksekutor yang terdiri dari jaksa dan regu tembak telah berada di lokasi untuk melaksanakan eksekusi.




    Dari 6 terpidana mati itu, 1 di antaranya merupakan seorang wanita berkewarganegaraan Indonesia. Nantinya eksekusi akan dilakukan di 2 lokasi secara serempak. 5 terpidana dieksekusi di Nusakambangan, 1 terpidana di Boyolali.


    Tata cara pelaksanaan eksekusi mati diatur dalam UU Nomor 2/Penetapan Presiden (PNPS)/1964. Aturan teknis eksekusi mati diatur dalam Peraturan Kapolri Nomor 12 Tahun 2010 Tentang Tata Cara Pelaksanaan Pidana Mati.


    Dalam Perkap Nomor 12, diatur mengenai peralatan dan perlengkapan yang digunakan oleh regu penembak sebagaimana termuat dalam Pasal 19 yakni satu pucuk senjata genggam dan sebilah pedang untuk komandan pelaksana, satu pucuk senjata genggam untuk Komandan regu penembak, 12 (dua belas) senjata api laras panjang untuk anggota regu penembak, 12 (dua belas) magasin untuk anggota regu penembak, 3 (tiga) butir peluru tajam, 9 (sembilan) butir peluru hampa kaliber.


    Selain itu anggota regu penembak dibekali 12 (dua belas) butir peluru senjata genggam dan pakaian PDL 3 Brimob Polri. Pada Pasal 20, disebutkan senjata api yang digunakan regu penembak terpidana mati bukan merupakan senjata organik yang dipakai sehari-hari oleh personel yang ditunjuk sebagai regu penembak.


    Kelima terpidana mati yang dieksekusi di Nusakambangan, Jawa Tengah yakni Marco Archer Cardoso Moreira (WN Brazil), Namaona Denis (WN Malawi), Daniel Enemuo alias Diarrassouba Mamadou (WN Nigeria), Ang Kiem Soei alias Kim Ho alias Ance Tahir alias Tommi Wijaya (WN Belanda) dan Rani Andriani alias Melisa Aprilia (WNI).


    Sedangkan Tran Thi Bich Hanh (34) warga Negara Vietnam yang terlibat kasus penyelundupan narkotika jenis sabu-sabu akan dieksekusi di Boyolali. Ada informasi pelaksanaan eksekusi dilakukan di Mako Brimob. Namun sejumlah orang yang dikonfirmasi mengenai kabar ini menolak menjawab.


     


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                70 years ago on this date, August 15, 1945, Emperor Hirohito, broadcasts the news of Japan’s surrender to the Japanese people. I will post the information about this event from Wikipedia.


    Emperor Hirohito and General MacArthur, at their first meeting, at the U.S. Embassy, Tokyo, 27 September, 1945


    Imperial rescript from Japanese Emporer Hirohito ordering Japan's capitulation and end to World War II. Written on 14 August and announced on 15 August, 1945.
    The Gyokuon-hōsō (玉音放送?), lit. "Jewel Voice Broadcast", was the radio broadcast in which Japanese EmperorHirohito read out the Imperial Rescript on the Termination of the War (大東亜戦争終結ノ詔書Daitōa-sensō-shūketsu-no-shōsho?), announcing to the Japanese peoplethat the Japanese Governmenthad accepted the Potsdam Declarationdemanding the unconditional surrender of the Japanese military at the end of World War II. This speech was broadcast at noon Japan standard timeon August 15, 1945 after the Battle of Okinawa, the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and the declaration of war against Japan by the Soviet Union.

    The speech was probably the first time that an Emperor of Japan had spoken (albeit via a phonograph record) to the common people. It was delivered in the formal, classical Japanese that few ordinary people could easily understand. It made no direct reference to a surrender of Japan, instead stating that the government had been instructed to accept the terms of the Potsdam Declarationfully. This created confusion in the minds of many listeners who were not sure if Japan had surrendered. The poor audio quality of the radio broadcast, as well as the formal courtly language in which the speech was composed, worsened the confusion. A digitally remastered version of the broadcast was released on 1 August 2015.

    Broadcast


    The speech was not broadcast directly, but was replayed from a phonograph recording made in the Tokyo Imperial Palace on either August 13 or 14, 1945. Many elements of the Imperial Japanese Army were extremely opposed to the idea that Hirohito was going to end the war, as they believed that this was dishonourable. Consequently, as many as one thousand officers raided the Imperial palace on the evening of August 14 to destroy the recording. The rebels were confused by the layout of the Imperial palace and were unable to find the recording, which had been hidden in a pile of documents. The recording was successfully smuggled out of the palace in a laundry basket of women's underwear and broadcast the following day, although another attempt was made to stop it from being played at the radio station.

    To ease the anticipated confusion, at the conclusion of the speech a radio announcer clarified that the Emperor's message did mean that Japan was surrendering. According to French journalist Robert Guillain, who was living in Tokyo at the time, upon the announcement's conclusion, most Japanese retreated into their homes or places of business for several hours to quietly absorb and contemplate the significance of the announcement.

    After the recording was played, the record used for playing it disappeared in the post-surrender chaos, but a radio technician had secretly made a copy, which was given to Occupation authorities and is the source of all recordings available today. The original record was later recovered but has never again been played.

    Content

    The rescript was translated into English by Tadaichi Hirakawa and was broadcast to overseas Allies at the same time. In the U.S., the Federal Communication Commission recorded the broadcast, and its entire text appeared in The New York Times.

    The main subject of the speech was to announce the surrender of Japan, that Hirohito "ordered our government to communicate to the governments of the United States, Great Britain, China and the Soviet Union that our empire accepts the provisions of their joint declaration."

    In the speech, Hirohito noted that the war arose out of "our sincere desire to ensure Japan's self-preservation and the stabilization of East Asia […]", but "the war situation has developed not necessarily to Japan's advantage". He then stated, "moreover, the enemy has begun to employ a new and most cruel bomb, the power of which to do damage is, indeed, incalculable, taking the toll of many innocent lives", referring to the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki that occurred days before. He, however, never mentioned the Soviet invasion of Manchuria that had also begun a few days before. Finally, and most famously, he said: "However, it is according to the dictates of time and fate that We have resolved to pave the way for a grand peace for all the generations to come by enduring the unendurable and suffering what is insufferable."

    Full text


    TO OUR GOOD AND LOYAL SUBJECTS:
     
    After pondering deeply the general trends of the world and the actual conditions obtaining in Our Empire today, We have decided to effect a settlement of the present situation by resorting to an extraordinary measure.

    We have ordered Our Government to communicate to the Governments of the United States, Great Britain, China and the Soviet Union that Our Empire accepts the provisions of their Joint Declaration.
    To strive for the common prosperity and happiness of all nations as well as the security and well-being of Our subjects is the solemn obligation which has been handed down by Our Imperial Ancestors and which lies close to Our heart.

    Indeed, We declared war on America and Britain out of Our sincere desire to ensure Japan's self-preservation and the stabilization of East Asia, it being far from Our thought either to infringe upon the sovereignty of other nations or to embark upon territorial aggrandizement.

    But now the war has lasted for nearly four years. Despite the best that has been done by everyone – the gallant fighting of the military and naval forces, the diligence and assiduity of Our servants of the State, and the devoted service of Our one hundred million people – the war situation has developed not necessarily to Japan's advantage, while the general trends of the world have all turned against her interest.

    Moreover, the enemy has begun to employ a new and most cruel bomb, the power of which to do damage is, indeed, incalculable, taking the toll of many innocent lives. Should We continue to fight, not only would it result in an ultimate collapse and obliteration of the Japanese nation, but also it would lead to the total extinction of human civilization.

    Such being the case, how are We to save the millions of Our subjects, or to atone Ourselves before the hallowed spirits of Our Imperial Ancestors? This is the reason why We have ordered the acceptance of the provisions of the Joint Declaration of the Powers.

    We cannot but express the deepest sense of regret to Our Allied nations of East Asia, who have consistently cooperated with the Empire towards the emancipation of East Asia.

    The thought of those officers and men as well as others who have fallen in the fields of battle, those who died at their posts of duty, or those who met with untimely death and all their bereaved families, pains Our heart night and day.

    The welfare of the wounded and the war-sufferers, and of those who have lost their homes and livelihood, are the objects of Our profound solicitude.

    The hardships and sufferings to which Our nation is to be subjected hereafter will be certainly great. We are keenly aware of the inmost feelings of all of you, Our subjects. However, it is according to the dictates of time and fate that We have resolved to pave the way for a grand peace for all the generations to come by enduring the unendurable and suffering what is unsufferable.

    Having been able to safeguard and maintain the structure of the Imperial State, We are always with you, Our good and loyal subjects, relying upon your sincerity and integrity.

    Beware most strictly of any outbursts of emotion which may engender needless complications, or any fraternal contention and strife which may create confusion, lead you astray and cause you to lose the confidence of the world.

    Let the entire nation continue as one family from generation to generation, ever firm in its faith in the imperishability of its sacred land, and mindful of its heavy burden of responsibility, and of the long road before it.

    Unite your total strength, to be devoted to construction for the future. Cultivate the ways of rectitude, foster nobility of spirit, and work with resolution – so that you may enhance the innate glory of the Imperial State and keep pace with the progress of the world.

    (Hirohito's signature and Privy Seal)

    August 14,1945


    In Popular Culture

    The recording has been featured in many Hollywood WWII-themed movies and television series featuring the Pacific Theater, including but not limited to the following

    Movie

    ·         Emperor


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    Adolf Hitler’s Antisemitic Quotes
     
           I will present this Speech of Adolf Hitler who speaks of why they are anti-Semites.

    REMINDER: Keep in mind, I am not antisemitic and I have Jewish friends too. I do it for educational purposes.


    "Why We Are Antisemites" - Text of Adolf Hitler's 1920 speech at the Hofbräuhaus
    Published by carolynon Tue, 2013-01-29 17:19

    National Socialist German Workers Party

    Public meeting in the Great Hall of the Hofbräuhaus 

    Friday 15 August 1920

     Adolf Hitler

    ~~Why We Are Antisemites~~

    My dear countrymen and women! We are quite used to being generally referred to as monsters. And we are considered particularly monstrous because, in a question that certain gentlemen in Germany are nervous about, we are marching at the head – namely in the question of the opposition to the Jews.

    Our people understand many things but this one problem nobody wants to understand, and in particular because, as a worker explained: “What connection is there at all between the workers and the Jewish Problem, when in reality most of the people have no idea what this problem means.” Most people let themselves be guided by feelings and say: “I have seen good and bad people among them, just like among ourselves.” 

    Very few have learned to view the problem free of emotion, in its clean form. I will at once begin with the word “work”.

    What does it mean – work?

    Work is an activity performed not of one’s free will, but for the sake of one’s fellowmen. If there is a difference between man and animals, so it is particularly regarding work, which does not originate in an instinct but comes from an understanding of a necessity. Hardly any revolution had so deep an effect as the slow one which gradually transformed the lazy man of primeval time into the man who works.

    Talking of work, we can assume that this activity followed these three phases:

    First, it was an effect of a simple instinct of self-preservation which we also see in animals. Later, it developed into the second form of work – the one from pure egoism. Also this form became gradually replaced by the third: Work out of ethical sense of duty, where an individual does not work because he is forced to it. We see it at every turn. Millions of people work without being constantly forced to it. Thousands of intellectuals are sometimes bound to their studies for whole nights on end, day after day, although they may not do it for material gains. The hundreds of thousands of German workers after the end of their work tend their gardens. And, generally, we see today that millions of people cannot imagine living without some sort of occupation.

    When I said that this process represents a slow but perhaps also the greatest of all revolutions in human history, then one must assume that also this revolution had to have a cause, and this cause was the greatest Goddess of this Earth, the one who is able to whip men to the uttermost – the Goddess of Hardship.

    We can see this hardship in early prehistory, above all in the northern part of the world, in those enormous ice deserts where only the meagrest existence was possible. Here, men were forced to fight for their existence, for things which were, in the smiling South, available without work, and in abundance. In those times man made perhaps his first groundbreaking discovery: In those cold stretches man was forced to find a substitute for the only gift of Heaven which makes life possible – the Sun. And the man who produced the first artificial sparks later appeared to Humanity as a god – Prometheus, the fire-bringer. The North forced men to further activity – production of clothes, building of abodes. First, it was simple caves, later huts and houses. In short, he created a principle, the principle of work. Life would not have been possible without it.

    Although work was still simple, it had already to be planned beforehand and each individual knew that if he has not done his part, he will die of hunger in the coming winter. At the same time another development followed – the terrible hardship became a means for breeding of a race. Whoever was weak or sickly could not survive the terrible winter period and died prematurely. What remained was a race of strong and healthy giants. Yet another trait of this race was born. Where man is externally muzzled, where his radius of action is limited, he begins to develop internally. Externally limited, internally he becomes unlimited. The more man, due to external forces, must depend on himself, the deeper internal life he develops and the more he turns inward.

     These three achievements: The recognized principle of work as a duty, the necessity, not only out of egoism but for preservation of the whole group of people – a small clan; second – the necessity of bodily health and thereby also of normal mental health; and third – the deep spiritual life. All these gave the northern races the ability to go to the world and build states.

    If this power could not find its full expression in the high North, it became apparent when the ice shackles fell and man turned south to the happier, freer nature. We know that all these northern peoples had one symbol in common – the symbol of the Sun. They created cults of Light and they’ve created the symbols of the tools for making fire – the drill and the cross. You will find this cross as a Hakenkreuz as far as India and Japan, carved in the temple pillars. It is the Swastika, which was once a sign of established communities of Aryan Culture.

    Those races, today called Aryans, created all the great cultures of the ancient world. We know that Egypt was brought upon its high cultural level by Aryan immigrants. Similarly, Persia and Greece; the immigrants were blond, blue eyed Aryans. And we know that outside of these Aryan states no civilized states have been founded. There emerged mixed races between the black, dark eyed and dark colored, southern races and the immigrants, but they failed to create any large, creative culture states.

    Why is it that only Aryans possessed the ability to create states? It was due, almost exclusively, to their attitude toward work. Those races which, as the first, stopped seeing work as the result of coercion and saw it rather as a necessity born out of hundreds of thousands of years of hardship, had to become superior to other people. And, besides, it was work that made people come together and divide the work among them. We know that the moment the individual work to sustain oneself turned into work within communities, the community tended to assign a particular work to those particularly talented, and with increasing division of work it became necessary for still greater joining together into still bigger groups. So, it is work which created kinships at first, later tribes, and still later, led to the creation of states.

    If we see, as the first prerequisite for creating states, the conception of work as social duty, so the second necessary ingredient is racial health and purity. And nothing helped the northern conquerors more against the lazy and rotten southern races than the refined strength of their race.

    States would remain an empty vessel if not decorated with that which we normally call culture. If we removed everything and kept just railways, ships, etc.; if we removed everything we consider art and sciences, such a state would in reality become empty and we would understand the creative power of the northern tribes. The moment their great, inborn imagination could act in great, free areas, it created everywhere immortal works. We see this process repeated continuously even in the smallest scale. Similarly, we know that great minds are often born at the bottom of society, unable to develop there but, given an opportunity, they begin to grow and become leaders in arts, sciences, and also in politics.

    We know today that there are extensive interrelations between the state, nation, culture, art and work and it would be madness to think that any of them could exist independently of the others. Let us take art – considered as an international domain – and we shall see that it is unconditionally dependent on the state. Art blossomed in those areas where the political development made it possible. The art of Greece reached its highest level when the young state had triumphed over invading Persian armies. Construction of the Acropolis began at that time. Rome became the city of art after the end of the Punic Wars, and Germany built her cathedrals, as in Worms, Speyer and Limburg, when the German Empire under Salians had achieved its greatest triumphs. We can follow this connection to our time. We know that art, for example the beauty of German towns, always depended on political development of these towns; that it was political considerations which moved Napoleon III to regulating of the Boulevards and Friedrich the Great to establishing Unter den Linden. Similarly in Munich where it was obvious that the city could not become an industrial center and so art was chosen to elevate the rank of the city, which now everyone who wants to get to know Germany must visit. Similar were the origins of today’s Wien (Vienna).

    The case was similar with other arts. The moment the small, powerless statelets began to unite into one state, then also one German art, proud of itself, began to grow. The works of Richard Wagner appeared in the period when shame and powerlessness were replaced by a unified, great German Reich.

    And so, not just art is dependent on the state, on the politics of the state; the same is the case with work itself because only a sound state is in the position to give the opportunity of working to its citizens and let them use their talents. The opposite is the case with the race in relation to everything else. A state with a rotten, sick and unsound race will never produce great works of art or make great politics, or at least baskin abundance. Each of these factors depends on the others. And only when all of them complement each other, can we say: There is harmony in the state, the way we Germanics understand it.


    Adolf Hitler’s Antisemitic Quotes
    Can the Jew build a state?

    Now we have to ask ourselves the question: How about the Jew as a state builder? Does the Jew possess the power to create a state? First we must examine his attitude to work, find out how he perceives the principle of work, and excuse me if I now take a book called The Bible. I am not claiming that all its contents are necessarily true, as we know that Jewry was very liberal in writing it. One thing, however, is certain: it has not been written by an antisemite. (Laughter) It is very important because no antisemite would have been able to write a more terrible indictment against the Jewish race than the Bible, the Old Testament. Let us take a look at a sentence: “By the sweat of thy brow shalt thou eat bread.” And it says that it was to be a punishment for the Fall of Man.

    Ladies and Gentlemen! Already here we see that the whole world lies between us; we could never conceive of work as a punishment – otherwise we would all have been convicts. We do not want to conceive of work as punishment. I must confess: I would not have been able to exist without work, and hundreds of thousands and millions would have been able to withstand perhaps 3 or 5 days, maybe even 10, but not 90 or 100 days without any activity. If Paradise really existed, the Land of Plenty, then our people would have been unhappy in it. (Calls: Hear, hear) We Germans seek constantly a possibility to do something and if we cannot find anything, at least from time to time we hit one another in the face. (Laughter) We are unable to bear absolute rest.

    Thus we see, already here, a big difference. Because a Jew has written this, true or not is unimportant because it still reflects the opinion which Jewry has about work. For them work is not an obvious ethical duty but at most a means to sustenance. In our eyes, this is not work because in this case any activity serving self-preservation, without regard to fellow men, might be called work. And we know that this work, in the past, consisted of plundering of caravans, and today in planned plundering of indebted farmers, industrialists and workers. The form has changed but the principle is the same. We do not call it work, but robbery.

    (Calls: Hear, hear)

    When already such a basic notion separates us, here comes another. I have already explained that in the long period in the North the races became purified. This means that all the inferior and weak gradually died out and only the soundest remained. Also, here the Jew differs from us because he has not become purified but instead practiced inbreeding; he multiplied greatly but only in narrow circles, and without selection. And therefore we see a generation which is plagued by defects caused by inbreeding.

    Finally, the Jew does not possess the third factor: The inner spiritual life. I do not need to explain here what a Jew generally looks like. You all know him. (Laughter) You know his constant restlessness that never gives him a possibility to concentrate and have a spiritual experience. In the most solemn moments he flickers his eyes and one can see that even during the most beautiful opera he is calculating dividends. (Laughter) The Jew has never had his own art. (Hear, hear) His own temple has been built by foreign builders: The first was the Assyrians, and for the building of the second – the Roman artists. He has not left anything which might be called art, no buildings, nothing. In music, we know that he is only able to skillfully copy the others’ art. We shall not conceal that today he has many famous conductors whose fame he can thank the well-organized Jewish Press for. (Laughter)

    When a nation does not possess these three traits, it is not able to create states. And that is true because throughout centuries the Jew was always a nomad. He has never had what we might call a state. It’s a mistake which is spreading widely today to say that Jerusalem was a capital of a Jewish state of a Jewish nation. On the one side, there was always a great chasm between the tribes of Judah and Caleb and the northern Israeli tribes, and only David, for the first time, succeeded in gradually bridging the chasm through the unitary cult of Yahweh. We know precisely that this cult has at a very late time chosen for itself Jerusalem as its sole seat. Only from that moment have the Jewish people gotten a center, like Berlin or New York or Warsaw today. (Hear, hear) This was a town in which the Jew, thanks to his talents and traits, gradually achieved predominance, partly through the force of arms, partly through the “power of trombones.” Besides, the Jews, already in those times, lived as a parasite in the body of other peoples and it had to be so. Because a people which does not want to work – the often hard work of building and maintaining a state – to work in mines, factories, in construction etc.; all this was unpleasant to the Hebrew. Such a people will never establish a state but prefers to live in some other state where others work and he acts as an intermediary in business, a dealer in the best case, or in good German – a robber, a nomad who undertakes robbing raids just like in ancient times. (Lively bravo! and hand clapping)

    And so we can now understand why the whole Zionist state and its establishing is nothing but a comedy. Herr Chief Rabbi has now said in Jerusalem: “Establishment of this state is not the most important; it is far from certain if it will at all be possible.” However, it is necessary that Jewry has this city as its spiritual headquarters because Jewry “materially and in fact are the masters of several states; we control them financially, economically and politically.” And so the Zionist state is going to be a harmless corn of sand in the eye. Efforts are made to explain that so and so many Jews have been found that want to go there as farmers, workers, even soldiers. (Laughter) If these people really have this urge in themselves, Germany today needs these ideal men as turf cutters and coal miners; they could take part in building our water power plants, our lakes etc. but it does not occur to them. The whole Zionist state will be nothing else than the perfect high school for their international criminals, and from there they will be directed. And every Jew will, of course, have immunity as a citizen of the Palestinian state (Laughter) and he will of course keep our citizenship. But when caught red-handed, he will not be a German Jew any longer but a citizen of Palestine. (Laughter)

    One can almost say that the Jew cannot help it because everything stems from his race. He cannot do anything about it and, besides, it doesn’t matter whether he is good or bad for he must act according to the laws of his race, just as do members of our people. A Jew is everywhere a Jew; consciously or unconsciously, he resolutely represents the interests of his race.

    Thus we can see the two great differences between races: Aryanism means ethical perception of work and that which we today so often hear – socialism, community spirit, common good before own good. Jewry means egoistic attitude to work and thereby mammonism and materialism, the opposite of socialism. (Hear, hear) And due to these traits, which he cannot ‘overstep’ as they are in his blood and, as he himself admits, in these traits alone lays the necessity for the Jew to behave unconditionally as a destroyer of states. He cannot do otherwise, whether he wants to or not. And thereby he is unable to create his own state because it requires a lot of social sense. He is only able to live as a parasite in the states of others. He lives as a race amongst other races, in a state within others states. And we can see very precisely that when a race does not possess certain traits which must be hereditary, it not only cannot create a state but must act as a destroyer, no matter if a given individual is good or evil. 


    Adolf Hitler’s Antisemitic Quotes

    The Jewish path of destruction

    We can follow this fate of Jewry from the earliest prehistory. It is not important if there is truth in every word of the Bible. In general, it gives us at least an extract of the history of Jewry. We see how the Jews present themselves because the Jew wrote these words quite innocuously. It did not appear to him as outrageous when a race, through cunning and deceit, invaded and despoiled other races, was always finally expelled and, unoffended, sought to repeat the same elsewhere. They pimped and haggled even when it came to their ideals, always ready to offer even their own families. We know that not long ago a gentleman was staying here, Sigmund Fraenkel, who has just written that it is quite unjust to accuse Jews of a materialistic spirit. One should only look at their sunny family life. However, this intimate family life did not prevent Grandfather Abraham from pimping off his own wife to the Pharaoh of Egypt in order to be able to do business. (Laughter) As was the grandfather, so was the father and so were the sons who never neglected their business. And you can be sure that they are not neglecting the business even as we speak. Who among you was a soldier, he will remember Galicia or Poland: There, at the train stations, these Abrahams were everywhere. (Laughter and hand clapping)

    They penetrated into other races for millennia. And we know very well that wherever they stayed long enough symptoms of decay appeared and the peoples could do nothing else than to liberate themselves from the uninvited guest or to disappear themselves. Heavy plagues came over the nations, no less then ten in Egypt – the same plague we experience today firsthand – and finally the Egyptians lost their patience. When the chronicler describes that the Jews were suffering when they finally left, we know differently, for as soon as they were out, they began to long after coming back. (Laughter) It seems that they did not have it so badly. On the other hand, if it’s true they had been forced to help build pyramids, it would mean today forcing them to earn their bread by working in our mines, stone quarries etc. And just as you are not going to see this race voluntarily do it, so there was nothing left to the Egyptians but to force them. What hundreds of thousands of others do as a matter of course, means for the Jew another chapter of suffering and persecution.

    Still later, the Jew was able to infiltrate the then soaring Roman Empire. We can still see his traces in southern Italy. Already 250 years before Christ he was there in all places, and people began to avoid them. Already, then and there, he made the most important decision and became a trader. From numerous Roman texts we know that he traded, like today, with everything from shoelaces to girls. (Hear, hear) And we know that the danger grew, and that the insurrection after the murder of Julius Caesar was mainly fomented by the Jews.

    The Jew knew even then how to make friends with the masters of the Earth. Only when they became shaky in their rule, he suddenly became a populist and discovered his wide open heart for the needs of the broad masses. So it was in Rome, as we know. We know that the Jew used Christianity, not out of love for Christ, but partly because he knew that this new religion questioned all earthly power and so it became an axe at the root of the Roman state, the state which was built on the authority of the public servant. And he became its chief bearer and propagator, without becoming a Christian – he couldn’t, he remained a Jew, precisely as today when he, never stooping to the level of worker, remains a master pretending to be a socialist. (Bravo!) He did the same 2000 years ago, and we know that this new Teaching was nothing else than a resurrection of the old truism that people in a state should have legal rights and, above all, that equal duties should give equal rights. This obvious Teaching was gradually turned against the Jew himself, as the similar Teaching of socialism has to turn on the Hebrew race today, its distorters and corrupters. We know that throughout the middle Ages the Jew infiltrated all European states, behaving like a parasite, using new principles and ways which the people did not know then. And from a nomad he became a greedy and bloodthirsty robber of our time. And he went so far that people after people rebelled and attempted to shake him off.

    We know it is untrue when people say that the Jew was forced to this activity; he could easily acquire land. And he did acquire land but not to work it but in order to use it as a trade object, just as he does today. Our forefathers were wiser; they knew that land was holy and they excluded the Jew from it, (Lively ovation) and if the Jew ever had the intention to tend the land and build a state, he could easily have done so at the time when whole new continents were discovered. He could easily have done it if only he used a small part of his power, craftiness, cunning, brutality and ruthlessness, as well as some of his financial resources. Because if this power was sufficient to subdue whole peoples, it would have been more than sufficient to build their own state. If only he had had the basic condition for this, which is a will to work, but not in the sense of usurious trade but in the sense in which millions work in order to keep a state going. Instead, we see him also today as a destroyer. In these days we see a great transformation: the Jew was once a Court Jew, submissive to his master he knew how to make the master pliable in order to dominate his subjects. For this purpose he whetted the appetites of these great men for unattainable things, extended the credit and soon turned them into debtors. In this way he himself got power over peoples. And he played this game with the same cruelty as, a few years later, the humanistic and philanthropic Jew whose wealth did not suffer at all when he showed his humanitarianism and his spirit of sacrifice to our people. (Big laughter) I said that he transformed from Court Jew (Hofjude) to Populist Jew (Volksjude). Why? Because he felt that the ground began to burn under his feet. 




    Hitler Speaks About the Jews
    Uploaded on Sep 11, 2011
    Holocaust Myth Exposed:








    Jeff Gates:






    Read about Holocaust claims during World War ONE here:






    Any help with grammar corrections would be appreciated.


    ,,Der Völkerstreit und der Hass untereinander, er wird gepflegt von ganz bestimmten Interessenten. Es ist eine kleine wurzellose internationale Clique, die die Völker gegeneinander hetzt, die nicht will, dass sie zur Ruhe kommen. Es sind das die Menschen, die überall und nirgends zu Hause sind, die nirgends einen Boden haben, auf dem sie gewachsen sind. Sondern die heute in Berlin leben, morgen genauso in Brussels sein können, übermorgen in Paris und dann wieder in Prague oder in Wien oder London und die sich überall zu Hause fühlen. Es sind die Einzigen, die wirklich als internationale Elementen anzusprechen sind, weil sie überall ihre Geschäfte betätigen können. Aber das Volk kann ihnen denn ja nicht nachfolgen. Das Volk ist ja gekettet an seinem Boden, ist ja gekettet an seiner Heimat ist ja gebunden an die Lebensmöglichkeiten seines Staates, der Nation."